Throughout the state on most sites, particularly on sandy or gravelly sites at elevations of 3,000 to 10,000 feet. Pinon nuts are edible. Can be left natural or clipped to a shape. Seedheads broad and open with numerous branchlets, 8 to 16 inches long and 6 to 12 inches wide. Because it spreads rapidly to form a dense cover, Kentucky bluegrass is valued as a soil stabilizer. are common grasses in the subalpine meadows, as well as sedges (Carex spp.) When tufted hairgrass is growing rapidly, livestock relish it. 1976. The alkali soils of meadows, valleys, and flood plains are dominated by alkali sacaton (Sporobolus airoides Torr.). "Clumpers" grow steadily outward, and may last up to six years in the same pot. Semi-evergreen. Dull bluish-green, curing to gray. The grass is a good indicator of range condition because it rapidly decreases under improper use. Most of these are native plants. Occurs at elevations from 3,100 to 7,200 feet. One to 2 feet tall. Old leaves from previous years cause the growing plants to appear grayish-green. It takes 3 to 4 months before the seedlings produce a rhizome, or stem, capable of producing new sprouts. When dry, it is not palatable. Mostly in mountain meadows and subalpine grasslands where openings in the tree canopy occur. Throughout the northwestern part of the state, on breaks and gravelly, rocky, and bottomland sites in the southern desert. Many erect stems, woody at the base and herbaceous above, grow from the crown. Trim back or remove dead leaves. Stem bases covered with fine white fuzz. from late spring to early fall. Forage Value and Management Description Cold hardy. This is one of the more common problems people have when installing bamboo. Full sun to part shade. Seedheads open with spreading branches. In the grass composition of mountain rangeland, it indicates good range condition. Description Covered with white flowers in spring, glossy lobed leaves turn bright orange to red in fall. Forage Value and Management One to 10 feet tall.

Ariz. Agr. Important Utah range grasses. Full sun. If alkali sacaton is fully grazed in scattered stands, however, the other perennial grasses with which it grows will be overgrazed because they are more palatable. Sta.

There is a bamboo forum on Gardenweb, where one can learn a lot about bamboo. It is usually found in scattered patches and is rarely abundant enough to be of any managerial importance. Full sun. The palatability of this species when green is low to moderate for all livestock. Good bank cover. Full sun. The grass produces early spring forage and is highly palatable to all livestock before the seeds mature and after the seeds are shed. Because it cures well and the stems remain green near the ground, black grama is well adapted to fall, winter, spring grazing. Big bluestem, highly palatable to all livestock during the spring and early summer, becomes coarse later in the growing season. Heavier grazing reduces its vigor and forage production. Since it is usually found on sites subject to erosion, vine mesquite should not be heavily grazed. The ruler is marked in 12 inch intervals for the first 6 feet, thereafter the ruler will be in one foot intervals. Flowers in spikes. The plant is smaller, 1 to 2 feet tall, and cures to a reddish- or purplish-brown. Perennial, poisonous. Prolonged abusive grazing has killed the grass, and mesquite has taken its place. They are often grubbed out to reduce heavy infestations, which decrease grass production. Bright red berrylike fruits, acid to taste, were often eaten by Indians. Care should be taken to avoid overuse if the grass is important on a range. One or the other nearly died when I transplanted it to several locations. Moderate grazing will maintain a proper mixture of grass and fringed sagebrush. Leaves short, flat, and often opposite one another. Dense clumps up to 12 inches in diameter. Although the plants green up some in early spring, they grow most after summer rains begin. Full sun. Flowering plant with soft silvery gray aromatic foliage and spikes of lavender blue flowers.

A pest in cultivated areas. Correll, D.S. Deep soils supporting extensive stands of red threeawn can be improved through light, winter, or deferred grazing. Usually multi-trunked deciduous. This plant is nearly worthless as forage for cattle, but sheep graze the young succulent foliage when more palatable plants are scarce. Can spread from roots. The average elevation is around 5,500 to 6,000 feet. Seedheads narrow, 3 to 6 inches long, with alternate, rough, erect branches. Compact, spiny shrub. Fine-stemmed. Native evergreen pine with pyramidal shape as a young tree develops character with age. Most common on loamy and clayey sites in the high plains, central plains, and the southwestern tip of the southern desert, from 3,000 to 7,000 feet. Leaves, mostly basal, narrow, flat, sharply pointed, and rough on the upper surface. Open or spreading seedheads, not often enclosed in a sheath, usually appear to be nodding. Pinkish to purplish flowers, in umbrella-shaped clusters. Forage Value and Management Striking plants, most frequently associated with the desert in art and literature. Blue-green to gray-green, curing to golden-brown. Description Female seedheads have long, silvery, thread-like, twisted awns. On most sites throughout the southern desert, portions of the western plateau, and on alkaline sites in parts of the central plains, at elevations of 3,000 to 7,000 feet. Smooth leaf sheaths with a conspicuous tuft of hairs where leaf and stem join. Occurrence It withstands close grazing well and recuperates quickly when given a rest. Gambel oak (Q. gambelii Nutt.) Judd, I.B. Description Fourwing saltbush and winterfat are desirable browse plants. Description Palatability causes the grass to decrease quickly under grazing even when associated grasses are properly utilized. Description Dark, shiny, green.

Bul. True mountain mahogany rates as good to very good browse for all livestock. In general, Apache plume is considered good forage for all livestock, especially as winter browse for deer. Four to 8 feet. I read that bamboo roots grow out of control. Occurrence Exp. Sta. Rydb., is much like cane bluestem. Leaves up to 6 inches long, stiff, harsh, and hairless. Forage Value and Management Growth begins early in the spring and provides good forage early.

Short, thick rhizomes. The dry fruit pod rattles with seeds. Male seedheads are many flowered and awnless. Planted them in some VERY rocky-sandy soil in my yard. Also common on some bottomland sites and the fringe areas of tobosa grass swales. Occurrence Woolly loco (A. mollissimus Torr.) Coconini, Navajo, Apache Counties. 121 pp. This is one of the most valuable winter feeds for deer. Broad urn-shaped form at maturity, usually multi-stemmed. Light green, appearing purplish when seeds mature. Flowers are large, some are shades of yellow while others are pink to red. It grows most often with other grasses.