An American political party formed in the 1830s to oppose President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats. Meaning of whig party. The rapid business expansion was good, not the moral danger Democrats warned about.

The Whigs collapsed following the passage of the Kansas–Nebraska Act in 1854, with most Northern Whigs eventually joining the anti-slavery Republican Party and most Southern Whigs joining the nativist American Party and later the Constitutional Union Party.

[149] One Whig, Horace Mann, played a pivotal role in establishing a public school system in Massachusetts that would be emulated by most states. Southerners and conservative northerners who supported the compromise refused to cooperate with the northerners who opposed it. [103] As the Whig and Democratic national conventions had approved similar platforms, the 1852 election focused largely on the personalities of Scott and Pierce. [132] In the Reconstruction Era, many former Whigs tried to regroup in the South, calling themselves "conservatives" and hoping to reconnect with ex-Whigs in the North.

[114] As cooperation between Northern and Southern Whigs increasingly appeared to be impossible, leaders from both sections continued to abandon the party. Once the Mexican War (1846–1848) had been declared, controversy over allowing or forbidding slavery in the territories acquired during the war further splintered the party. [21] The Whig Party's first major action was to censure Jackson for the removal of the national bank deposits, thereby establishing opposition to Jackson's executive power as the organizing principle of the new party. Why not the Whigs?

Most northern Whigs, however, eventually joined the newly formed Republican Party. The annexation of Texas was widely viewed as a pro-slavery initiative as it would add another slave state to the union, and most leaders of both parties opposed opening the question of annexation in 1843 due to the fear of stoking the debate over slavery.

In Liberia, the True Whig Party was named in direct emulation of the American Whig Party.

"[143] Democrats glorified individualism while Whigs said it was a dangerous impulse that must be subordinated to the greater good of an organic society; they called for individuals to restrain themselves and focus on doing their duty. The Whig party? He was succeeded by John Tyler, who held office until 1845. Whig Party was a name applied to political parties in England, Scotland, and America. The True Whig Party was founded in 1869 and it dominated politics in that country from 1878 until 1980.[202]. Copyright © 2010 by Whig definition is - a member or supporter of a major British political group of the late 17th through early 19th centuries seeking to limit the royal authority and increase parliamentary power. [109] Both the Republican Party and the Know-Nothings portrayed themselves as the natural Whig heirs in the battle against Democratic executive tyranny, but the Republicans focused on the "Slave Power" and the Know-Nothings focused on the supposed danger of mass immigration and a Catholic conspiracy. [80] Anti-slavery Northern Whigs disaffected with Taylor joined together with Democratic supporters of Martin Van Buren and some members of the Liberty Party to found the new Free Soil Party; the party nominated a ticket of Van Buren and Whig Charles Francis Adams Sr. and campaigned against the spread of slavery into the territories.

[152] Through high tariffs, Clay and other Whigs hoped to generate revenue and encourage the establishment of domestic manufacturing, thereby freeing the United States from dependence on foreign imports.

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According to historian Daniel Walker Howe, the economic crisis of the late 1830s and early 1840s was the most severe recession in U.S. history until the Great Depression. It had much less backing from poor farmers or unskilled workers. Democrat Martin Van Buren won the election with 58 percent of the vote, while Harrison received 25 percent, White received 8.9 percent, Webster 4.7 percent, and Mangum 3.7 percent. Fillmore largely retained Taylor and Scott voters in the South, but most former Whigs in the North voted for Frémont rather than Fillmore. [119] The defection of many Northern Know-Nothings, combined with the caning of Charles Sumner and other events that stoked sectional tensions, bolstered Republicans throughout the North. The Whig Party became highly fractured in the 1850s when the question of slavery's expansion split the constituency.

2. Jackson won a plurality of the popular and electoral vote in the 1824 election, but not a majority. Look it up now!

Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. [90], Taylor died in July 1850 and was succeeded by Vice President Fillmore. Conversely, in Harry Turtledove's Southern Victory Series a Whig Party emerges as the dominant political party of an independent Confederacy, representing the interests of the plantocratic elite and dominating Confederate politics until the rise of the Freedom Party following the First Great War. What is the statute of limitations for rape TX?

[49] In August 1841, Tyler vetoed Clay's national bank bill, holding that the bill was unconstitutional.

However, as the War of the Spanish Successionwent on and became less and less popular with the Tories, Marlborough and Godolphin were forced to rely more and more o… [37] Van Buren's economic response centered on establishing the Independent Treasury system, essentially a series of vaults that would hold government deposits.

Nonetheless, the Whigs suffered a decisive defeat in the 1852 presidential election partly due to sectional divisions within the party. It played a major role in shaping the modernizing policies of the state governments during Reconstruction. The Whig Party, founded in 1834, was concocted of National Republicans and Anti-Masonics.The party rose to prominence following the capitulation of the National Republican Party. However, political opponents of Democratic President Andrew Jackson revived the term in the 1830s. [10] Clay became the leader of the National Republican Party, which opposed President Jackson, By the early 1830s the Jacksonians organized into the new Democratic Party. Speakers of English have about twice as many words at their disposal than speakers of Spanish or Chinese have. has voted almost unanimously in favour of the proposal.

@Soulfox -- I don't know about that.

It disliked strong presidential power as exhibited by Jackson and Polk, and preferred Congressional dominance in lawmaking.

The party was active in both the Northern United States and the Southern United States and did not take a strong stance on slavery, but Northern Whigs tended to be less supportive of that institution than their Democratic counterparts.

But hang on a moment. Learn new vocab by taking this fun trivia quiz! Definition of whig party in the dictionary. Often united by little more than their distaste for Jackson's administration and their desire to oust the Democratic Party from the White House, the Whigs struggled to define their platform.

[86] Even Meredith's moderate policies were not adopted, and, partly due to the strong economic growth of the late 1840s and late 1850s, traditional Whig economic stances would increasingly lose their salience after 1848. [104] The 1852 elections proved to be disastrous for the Whig Party, as Scott was defeated by a wide margin and the Whigs lost several congressional and state elections. Still, you've got to believe the Republicans and Democrats won't be around in the United States forever. Temperance never became a purely partisan issue between Whigs and Democrats, but Whigs tended to be more favorable to state prohibition laws than were Democrats. Noun 1.

[158] In the mid-1840s, a group of Whigs unsuccessfully pushed a bill that would have implemented new paperwork requirements for naturalization and monitored the movements of immigrants in the United States more closely.