The final note on which you leave your reader, The concentrate gist of your whole body of writing, The proof that you had made the point that you were going to make when you started this writing, The demonstration that you have backed up your thesis, The mirror reflection of your paper’s introduction. Summing it up does not only suggest repeating what you have already mentioned in the main body of your writing, Link all the main points from your main body into a wholesome conclusion that makes a point, All these main points should be organically connected to the evidence that supports them, and this organic connection has to be revealed in your conclusion paragraph, To keep your reader focused, you can drop something provocative – like a quotation that you stumbled upon during your research for this paper, Your conclusion should also answer the question, “Now what?” Remember to suggest your reader what they should do with the information they have just obtained. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. You should hint on what influenced him and how he influenced the activists that came after him. For example, if you are writing an article about increasing your freelance writing rates, ask the reader to consider the benefits of doing so—such as more savings, fewer work hours and higher self-esteem. Conclude by letting the reader know that the Gettysburg Address is considered one of the most important orations in American history because it was the official dedication ceremony for the National Cemetery of Gettysburg, on the site of one of the bloodiest and most decisive battles of the Civil War. This list of seventeen kinds of conclusions will help you polish off your next piece of writing. If this seems impossible, then it should be left out for now – who knows, maybe it can be a basis for another brilliant essay? Summarizing is different than reiterating. Have you ever read something, gotten to the end, and thought, "So What? She is a freelance marketing and communications consultant. End with the most important point as the culmination of your essay's development. Before closing your essay, always look back at your introduction and then make sure that you say something fresh and/or express yourself in a different way. The conclusion of an essay may be the toughest section to write.

In composition, the term conclusion refers to the sentences or paragraphs that bring a speech, essay, report, or book to a satisfying and logical end. Circling back to your opener or introduction is similar to the wrap-up scenario. As good as it may sound in oral speech, it gives the text the unnecessary extra feeling of formality and giver the reader an impression that the. Spur your readers on by challenging them in some way. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Definition and Examples of Transitional Paragraphs, Examples of Great Introductory Paragraphs, Definition and Examples of Climactic Order in Composition and Speech, Definition and Examples of Analysis in Composition, Understanding Organization in Composition and Speech, The Ultimate Guide to the 5-Paragraph Essay, Paragraph Length in Compositions and Reports, How to Write Your Graduate School Admissions Essay, Development in Composition: Building an Essay, Definition and Examples of a Transition in Composition, How to Develop and Organize a Classification Essay, 6 Steps to Writing the Perfect Personal Essay, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. ", The Balance Small Business uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. For example, an article about a new social media platform could conclude with how this digital offering plugs the readers into what is relevant today, whether they are 26 or 62. In fact, on the actual AP exam, you may not get to the conclusion at all. If your article focuses on a problem, use your conclusion to point the reader to a good solution. Allena Tapia wrote about freelance writing The Balance Careers and The Balance SMB. Instead of focusing on the main point, you could wrap up with a quick revisit of your document's body text. As an option, you can just paraphrase it and make it into your conclusion. Parallel images and mirror metaphors are also a good idea. For example, if your writing begins with something like “For me, there are only three movies that were released in 2016.” Then, your conclusion will have a sentence like “The three movies that made 2016 worthwhile in terms of cinema are Zootopia, Arrival, and The Jungle Book.”, If your paper is longer than a typical essay, just recycling your introduction will not be enough. Of course, you want to have your paper well-written, and that includes the conclusion paragraph. One easy way to avoid this confusion is to think of your conclusion as a summary of everything that you have said thus far. It works well for political and sociological pieces. For example, if your article is about gun control, go back to your opening scene about Parkland or Shady Hook. For instance, if your writing was about pets, then different sections of your paper are most likely dedicated to different kinds of pets. The conclusion to a journal article is very important. If we had to draw a scheme of an essay, here is where the conclusion would be: Introducing paragraph ➔ Thesis statement ←➔ Main body ← Concluding paragraph, Copyright © EliteEssayWriters 2020 All Rights Reserved, Think well about this question before you come up with a reply. If possible, conclude your argument in a way that makes explicit insights that have been implicit along the way. If your article explores the importance of details in mid-century architecture, end with Mies van der Rohs' famous line, "God is in the details.". If your article focuses on a problem, use your conclusion to point the reader to a good solution. If you started out with a hypothetical course of events, you could restate this by claiming that this is your evidence to solidify your argument and that it speaks in favor of your standpoint. It is similar to issuing a challenge but more concrete. The supporting sentences of the concluding paragraph do not bring anything new to the table, they recycle what has already been said It works well for many types of articles and tends to add interest to weighty information. Mention the broader implications or significance of your topic.

Composing a Conclusion Under Pressure . By using The Balance Small Business, you accept our. . ", nor a reiteration, consider sending the reader in a new direction. If you're writing a how-to piece about conclusions, connect the ability to write conclusions to the advancement of one's career by saying, "Your clients will appreciate the skill that you have in wrapping up your copy, and will hire you again and again.". A general opening line that grows more specific as the reader reads the introduction of your paper; In the concluding paragraph, on the contrary, you move from the specific to the general, It closes up your essay to leave your reader with everything clear and understood and with no questions left, The topic section of your conclusion paragraph is supposed to paraphrase your thesis statement, It is to demonstrate that you have fulfilled the task that you have set for yourself, Avoid simply replacing the words from your thesis statement with synonyms. But don't fret. . This would be an instance of redundancy, which is a mistake, The very essence of your thesis statement needs to be brought in a new light, The conclusion must have something of its own to give to the reader – a direction for thought or a suggestion. Place your article, essay, blog post or e-book within a larger context. . It’s important not to rush things at the end of an article … For those who write online, this may come in the form of asking the reader to click a link leading to your other pieces about the same subject. Bookmark this list, keep it handy, and reach for it the next time your brain is out of fresh ideas. You have probably already written an introduction paragraph that you are particularly fond of. You can suggest or even encourage other activities – such as, "It is not so hard to make a difference. Invite them to prove or disprove your point, or to think about the information you presented in a new and innovative way. . It may not seem very creative, but it's logical and it works. Short conclusions are usually preferable to long ones.

Instead, allocate this new idea its own separate place in the main body, if you can. While a single paragraph is usually all that's required to conclude a standard essay or composition, a long research paper may call for several concluding paragraphs. Obviously, this means that your main point should be included in your conclusion paragraph.

Geraldine Woods Even though the conclusion is the cherry on top of the ice cream sundae, you may not have a lot of time to formulate one if you're writing under exam conditions. Suggest how the reader can apply the information you have just imparted. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. 17 Ways to Write a Conclusion for an Article, Write a Solid Profile With These Step-by-Step Tips, How to Write a Demand Letter When You Have Been Harmed, How to Use Personality Theory to Write Better Fundraising Materials, Make Your Article Marketing Efforts Pay Off With Some Top Writing Tips, How to Write Zinger Teasers for Direct Mail Fundraising, Blog Post Checklist: 15 Things Your Post Needs Before You Hit Publish, Prepare to Write Your Freelance Magazine Article, Business Plan Tips: How to Write a Winning Executive Summary, Diversity & Inclusion Pledge — The Balance Small Business, The Balance Small Business is part of the. For example, an op-ed about the need to engage more students in the political process could end by mentioning the League of Women Voters, which helps pre-register 16-year-olds. For example, "Many people remain surprisingly unaware of how larger corporations control the food markets." Switch gears, and approach the other side of an argument. You should not overlook any paragraph idea from your main body in your concluding paragraph, All the main points should be condensed in the conclusion, nothing should be left out, The final sentence of your conclusion paragraph should leave your reader feeling completely fulfilled and satisfied, The final sentence should bear the message that you have said everything there was to say on the topic, Underline the significance of what you were talking about, Give your reader an entirely fresh perspective on the topic, Your readers should be left in a good mood upon having read your writing. If your article, essay or blog post is pretty complete and doesn't need a "so what? The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. The length of a conclusion is generally proportional to the length of the whole text. Does it make any difference? Allowing the reader to comment or send a letter to the editor is always a powerful way to end an article. . There’s no equivalent in the journal article to the text message that says you’re dumped… or more elegantly, reader I married him. Revise what was said in your introducing paragraph, This closes the logical “loop” for your reader giving them the sense of fulfillment, Start off you concluding paragraph with a common introductory phrase that can be avoided, such as "in conclusion…," "to sum it up…," "as we have found out…," "to crown it all…," etc.