2): If balance was not restored, a taua (hostile expedition) might become necessary.
Once muru was performed, the matter was considered to be ended. 4. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Trade and other Pākehā practices were accepted on Māori terms, with concepts of mana, tapu and utu playing significant roles. 1. acronym for Laugh Out Loud + sob-- an expression for something that makes you lol and cry at the same time. This site is produced by the Research and Publishing Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. He mea peita anō hoki e ia, ā he utu tika tāna utu i tono ai mō āna mahi (TW 28/8/1875:170). Culture and Society Crucial to this process was the concept of utu. Pre-1840 contact Almost every activity, ceremonial or otherwise, was connected to the maintenance and enhancement of mana and tapu.
Utu was not necessarily applied to the author of the affront, but affected the whole group. It protected people and natural resources. The nature of muru was determined by factors that included the mana of the victim and the offender, the severity of the offence and the intent of the offending party. sm O loo molimau mai ia tusi ma suʻesuʻega o toēga mea na faia i le eleele, e faalēlelei nei fale, e lē mamā, tau leai ni meafale, maua utu i moega, leaga mea taumafa ma vai inu, lē faamaoni pule ma tagata faigaluega, lē lelei amio a ē masani ona api ai, ma e tele ina fai ai amio lē mamā i inā.” 'Māori values and practices', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/culture/frontier-of-chaos/maori-values, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 20-Dec-2012, Pre-1840 contact, Holidays and events, The arts and entertainment, Disasters, Transport, Health and welfare, Decade studies, Sport, Crime and punishment, Immigration, Lifestyle, Places, The great outdoors, Memorials, Political milestones, Protest and reform, Treaty of Waitangi, Maori leadership, Heads of State, Parliament and the people, The work of government, New Zealand in the world, New Zealand's internal wars, South African War, First World War, Second World War, Post Second World War, Other conflicts, Memorials, mascots and memorabilia, Contexts and activities, Skills, Historical concepts, Education at Pukeahu, Useful links, Interactives, Videos, Sounds, Photos, Contact us, Site Information, Privacy Statement, Quizzes, Calendar, Biographies, Check out the links below to like us, follow us, and get the latest from NZHistory, All text is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. Online activities of the Te Whanake textbooks for playback on computers, television or portable devices. Textbook (Ed. Utu in the form of gift exchange established and maintained social bonds and obligations. Often defined as ‘revenge’, utu has a broader meaning: the maintenance of balance and harmony within society. Utu definition, the Sumerian sun god: the counterpart of the Akkadian Shamash. / This song was sung by Matangi-hauroa to Te Whatanui with the object of rousing Te Whatanui's people to go and seek revenge for the defeat. Rivals could not be allowed to reap the advantages of access to these new arrivals without a challenge. Streamed television programmes for developing listening comprehension skills. The general principles that underlie utu are the obligations that exist between individuals and groups. While particular actions required a response, it was not necessary to apply utu immediately.
A taua muru was a bloodless plundering expedition, while taua ngaki mate or taua roto sought violent revenge for a death. Traditionally utu between individuals and groups tended to escalate. (Te Kākano
It is closely linked to mana and includes reciprocation of kind deeds as well as revenge. Just as feasts were likely to increase in grandeur as an exchange relationship developed over time, so could reciprocal acts of vengeance intensify. (verb) (-a,-ngia) More meanings for utu. Meet the NZHistory team. The Journal of Sāmoan Studies, Volume 4 49 Sa'a fa'aoti le utu a le faimea' Using the Samoan language in educational research: some tips for first time researchers Desmond Lee Hang Abstract The use of the Samoan language in qualitative educational research in Samoa is on the Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Swahili. Gift exchange, a major component of utu, created reciprocal obligations on the parties involved and established permanent and personal relationships. compensation, recompense, reparation.
© Copyright 2003-2020 - John C Moorfield, Te Aka Online Māori Dictionary. Such indirect utu often featured within kin groups. Mana influenced the behaviour of people and groups, and was sought through achievements and successes. See more.
Sometimes the defence of mana required an excessive response to the actions of another. (noun) revenge, vengeance, retaliation, payback, retribution, cost, price, wage, fee, payment, salary, reciprocity - an important concept concerned with the maintenance of balance and harmony in relationships between individuals and groups and order within Māori society, whether through gift exchange or as a result of hostilities between groups. It is closely linked to mana and includes … Ka taea anō te whakarite tētahi utu mehemea kua pā tētahi tino mate ki ngā tāngata tika ki te whenua (RT 2013:99). They were practical forces at work in everyday matters. sensibility noun: utu: Find more words! Māori were quick to recognise the economic benefits of developing a positive working relationship with Europeans. Māori responses in the early contact period were determined by well-established customs and practices. Māori life was also restricted through the placing of tapu on people and things.
Māori vigorously defended their mana in everyday matters and tried to enhance it whenever they could. While mana was inherited, individuals could also acquire, increase or lose it through their actions. I waiatatia ai e Matangi-hauroa te waiata nei ki a Te Whatanui e whai ana kia oho te iwi o Te Whatanui kia haere ki te rapu utu mō te parekura (M 2004:298). An expression of bitter anger over something funny. Tapu controlled how people behaved towards each other and the environment.
(noun) / I was paid five shillings per week. If social relations are disturbed, utu is a means of restoring balance.
Page 3. / Compensation can be arranged if a serious problem has affected the people who have rights to the land.