Much of that image is gone … Music isn't just sound—it also informs our sense of place. By 1980, nine pools existed in Canada.

Both retailers evolved into chains over the decade—when A&A was purchased by Columbia Records in 1971, there was speculation that sale sped up Sam Sniderman’s move into franchising. One of Toronto’s first cocktail lounges after gaining a liquor license in the mid-1940s, by the 1970s the El Mo was one of the city’s top music clubs. Ambiance: Seeing double bills at local drive-ins was how you got lucky in the summer. The Rolling Stones guitarist was disappointed that the police didn’t match his vision of what a Mountie should look like—“I’d have woken up a lot quicker if I’d seen the red tunic and Smokey Bear hat.” He was charged with intent to traffic heroin (due to the amount he had) and possession of cocaine.

Beginning in the early 1960s, 'discothèque' (the French word for 'record library') has been used to designate nightclubs in which recordings, rather than live performers, provide music for dancing. Years later, Richards admitted the incident helped him straighten his act (somewhat). A steady stream of college rock, punk, and new wave acts played here through the late 1970s and early 1980s. Disc jockey associations, or 'pools' first appeared in Canada in 1976, when the Canadian Record Pool was formed.

Gemkidsparty. The CRP organized the Canadian Disco Awards, published a newsletter, and co-ordinated the distribution of promotional copies of new recordings to disc jockeys. 26. Request Information. For whatever reason, the 1970s seems to be the decade with which we collectively have the most photo-based fascination. Scarborough. Now. Despite being “ardently wooed” by other record labels fearing the clout Columbia would have, Sniderman remained independent. 30. 23. The rising punk/new-wave scene saw venerable venues like the Horseshoe transformed and other places rise before quickly living up to the name of one of its earliest halls, Crash ‘n’ Burn.

Billed as “The Cockroaches” below opening act April Wine, the group’s shows were their first in a club setting in over a decade and gained notoriety due to Keith Richards’s drug bust at the Harbour Castle the week before (see #12 below) and the presence of Margaret Trudeau, who had just separated from the Prime Minister.

22.

Small record companies such as Inter-Global and Les Disques Parapluies in Montreal and Direction and Rio Records in Toronto produced recordings by Canadian singers and studio-based groups, both white and black, for the international disco audience.

Specialty magazines (such as the Toronto-based Streetsound, established in 1987, and Montreal's Upfront), disc jockey associations like the Quebec Record Pool (Montreal), the CHEER Pool (Toronto) and the Calgary Association of Professional Disc-Jockeys, and such dance-oriented recording companies as Somersault and Blast in Toronto and Sizzle in Montreal provided the infrastructure through which dance music was produced and promoted in Canada.