Sign up for our free newsletter, English Detective. �Γ=����Tڋ���;�� �`��~�{޵w*���S�yW˂�\I,�&W������G ����#����5_c�KZ��v�-b�ِ�hU�� �����d������o���������&���~���Y�. V"ˉ/I����u��2�&?`kZ3=}��{̯�{f0�1�:g�b0��r���f���7qx�}S5{K.�Y]��oO�d��׎��`���{����-������#w�)��w�3ɝvx��7��כX+�&N6'���)�N��N��8��W.�)�a������4�hƯ49�!TrE�؂�o>��Tv.���^�/.�g�aq>j=g��L.ɻ!F\W(�|(I ���)�����+6�:U!��{!�C�j�'+ 1L5�E�� $?�

To help you de-mystify these terms, we created a handy “cheat sheet” that breaks down common medical word roots, suffixes, prefixes and modifiers. Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study The chapter is available 24/7 and accessible on any device that has an Internet connection. (Pay attention to the prefixes and roots in the examples too, as they may be used with other suffixes on the quiz.). (See -scopy: an exam, or -ectomy: surgical removal. %���� Hopefully this … Medical Terminology (Medical Prefixes and Suffixes) Prev Article Next Article . You might want to learn other common medical prefixes, if you haven’t studied them already. 2 0 obj D,` �?���:̬���T6��K@��l/J� ��FB�V"�$h�x���)����ed� �Wu �\Z�!�A�\*��t!BQ��,�q�2�0֊��O�i�EmFq��5��t� �P4�`W5/>�02? Biological and Biomedical Users are presented with medical terms in a variety of ways. Is Common Terminology Essential for a Medical Assistant? Match the words with medical suffixes on the left with the meanings in the drop-down menu on the right. endobj Human Rights Lawyer: Job Info & Requirements, The Best Free Education of 2012: Study.com People's Choice Awards Winners, Political Management Degree Program Overviews, Associate in Network and Communications Management Degree Overview, Online Bachelors in Industrial Engineering Program Overview, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Understand medical prefixes that indicate size, amount, time, negation and position, Outline medical prefixes relating to inside, outside, front, behind, above, below and around directions, Identify commonly confused medical word roots, Define medical root words that indicate color, Evaluate medical suffixes for signs, symptoms, diseases, conditions, procedures and other medical nouns, Terms for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body, Terminology for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems, Terminology & Functions of the Muscular System, Terminology for the Cardiovascular System, Medical Terms for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments, Terminology for the Gastrointestinal System, Terms for GI Tract Pathology, Diagnosis & Treatment, Medical Terminology for the Urinary System, Medical Terminology for the Nervous System, Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment, Medical Terms for the Integumentary System, Medical Terminology for the Reproductive Systems, Medical Terms for Radiology, Pharmacology & Oncology. This lesson covers the suffixes that are used in medical terminology to describe the signs and symptoms that are seen in the body when a disease or condition is present. Services, Medical Prefixes for Position & Special Prefixes, Medical Prefixes to Indicate Inside or Outside, Medical Prefixes to Indicate Front, Behind, Above, Below & Around, Commonly Confused Word Roots in Medical Terminology. We will look at how they are used and some common examples. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. We will also look at the prefixes that negate the meaning of a medical term.

They should help you understand much of the medical terminology you encounter. This lesson will also contain examples of how these prefixes are used. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning.Pre means "before." This lesson covers the medical suffixes that are used when naming diseases. Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn Medical terminology Prefixes. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. We will study these prefixes by looking at ones with the same meaning and opposite meaning. We will also look at some examples of terms that use the suffixes. Chapter 2: Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology, Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test. endobj {*$;s��] �3U¤u���fw�Lv-/�@P��A�c)nmG0@��� Then see how many word meanings you can guess on the suffix quiz at the bottom of the page. Medical Terminology (Medical Prefixes and Suffixes) Tools & Apps. needed? Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. See also the medical terms in Basic Medical Vocabulary, and Medical Words and Symptom Vocabulary.

��30��)�LLn�1qot�B��p��S�-t1`�UB� �榬-y�$�δ�Z˵�X���Tq�����n��y%8&�f�,��@���nrXR�[f?�ٓ�u�L��1pI��� 9�}B@�z��~��3�ɥ!$�Ɔg��%�4)An��B����B�5���0ʂ � � All you need to know is where to look. The lessons in this chapter define and explain common suffixes, prefixes and word roots that are commonly used in medical terminology. We will discuss the two different ways in which these terms are used. an-The prefix that means no, not, without, opposite. 4 0 obj �/�+A�h��៳v����g�P㣀�_�(Y}%��i"T/�����Z%�� �D�����3���D����@�Ʀ�Η�Ӈ�����ÿ���/���ӡ��(��3o�L�eҖ�c�u�a� i�(+di�t��i��kL�����A��� Understanding of medical prefixes, suffixes and roots. List of Free Online Medical Terminology Courses and Classes, Medical Terminology Course and Class Overviews. Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology - Chapter Summary. These medical suffixes are quite common. Could you guess most of these words from their parts? All rights reserved. Ask our expert instructors questions if they arise and take the accompanying lesson quizzes to make sure you fully understand these medical terms. <> Terms in this set (346) a-The prefix that means no, not, opposite. Arterial Blood Gases (ABG) Interpretation. We will look at examples for each suffix. Click to see the related pages on EnglishHints. x��Z[sSG~w���yEB6���lR�� (Examples: -algia: pain in the _______, -emia: related to blood.). Some of these suffixes identify medical procedures. What Are Some Colleges that Offer Online 3 Credit-hour Medical Terminology Courses? Is Medical Terminology Needed for Dental School?

endobj ... Medical Terminology Letter X to Z: Facebook; Prev Article Next Article . Other chapters within the Health 103: Medical Terminology course. The suffix that means tightening; stricture-sthenia. This lesson will cover the various suffixes that are used in medical terminology in order to describe conditions that are happening in the body. The prefixes for front, behind, above, below and around will be discussed in this lesson. n�ޑ}�~ They should help you understand much of the medical terminology you encounter. This mobile-friendly chapter is designed to help you prepare for exams, improve your grades, get ahead in class or simply refresh your knowledge of common medical terms.

ab- ... -static. We will go over examples of using the different prefixes. Learn all about the different prefixes that can be used to describe inside or outside structures of the body. We will go over examples of each suffix. How Can I Get a Medical Terminology Certificate? (These words were not given in the examples above, but they are made from medical suffixes, as well as prefixes and roots, that were given.).

13 <> All Rights Reserved, English for Researchers & Health Professionals, -ac, -al, -ary (also –ic and –ous) – related or pertaining to (the ending makes a word into an adjective): cardiac (related to the heart), renal (relating to the kidneys), coronary (related to the arteries surrounding the heart like a crown), -algia—pain: analgesic (taking away pain), myalgia (muscle pain), neuralgia (nerve pain), -cyte—a cell (also a prefix): leukocyte (white blood cell), monocytes (large leukocytes with a single nucleus), -emia- related to blood (also a prefix): anemia (absence or shortage of blood), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), polycythemia (condition of many red blood cells—the cyt is for cell, as above), -genic —producing or produced by (from genesis—origin); erythrogenic (producing redness, or producing red blood cells), neurogenic (originating in a nerve), thrombogenic (causing thrombosis- blood clotting), -genous – producing or produced by/originating in: endogenous (originating within the body or a cell), exogenous (originating outside the body), -ic – related or pertaining to: arthritic (related to inflamed joints), gastric (related to the stomach),  hemolytic (the breaking down of red blood cells, leading to a release of hemoglobin), septic (infected, relating to infection—sepsis), -itis – inflammation: appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix), arthritis (inflammation of the joints), encephalitis (inflammation inside the head), hepatitis (inflammation of the liver), neuritis (inflammation of the nerves), -megaly—enlargement: cardiomegaly (enlarged heart), hepatomegaly (enlarged liver), -morph—form or shape: polymorphic (appearing in many forms), -oma-- tumor, swelling: carcinoma (a cancerous tumor), hematoma (a large blood-filled swelling), melanoma (a “black tumor”—a deadly type of skin cancer), -osis—condition or disease state: kyphosis (abnormal spine curvature—hunchback), necrosis (condition of death of that tissue), psychosis (mental illness), -ous—related to: cancerous (related to cancer), infectious (related to or able to cause infection), nutritious (related to nutrition), subcutaneous (related to tissues below the skin surface), -pathy (can also be a  prefix)-- suffering, disease: neuropathy (nerve disease or damage), psychopathic (related to a mental illness), -penia—deficiency: glycopenia (sugar deficiency), leukopenia (shortage of white blood cells), thrombocytopenia (low number of blood platelets), -phage, phagia—eating: dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), macrophage (large white blood cell that “eats” bacteria and other pathogens), -plasia – growth or formation: erythroplasia (a type of reddish precancerous growth), hyperplasia (unusual growth), -plegia—paralysis, loss of the ability to move: hemiplegia (paralysis of half of the body), quadriplegia (paralysis of all four limbs), -rrhagia-- flow: hemorrhage (excessive flow of blood out of the body), menorrhaghia (heavy or increased menstrual flow), -trophy—growth, development: atrophy (no growth, withering), hypertrophy (growing too much), phototropic (growing toward light), -ist—person with this skill:  generalist, psychiatrist, specialist (see –logist), -logy—the study of: hematology (the study of blood), -logic—related to the field of: hematologic (related to blood and its study), -logist—person who has studied this: cardiologist (a heart doctor), dermatologist (a skin doctor), urologist (a doctor specializing in the urinary system), -ectomy—surgical removal: appendectomy (removal of the appendix), cholecystectomy (removal of the gall bladder), hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), mastectomy (removal of a breast), thyroidectomy (removal of the thyroid), -gram—record: angiogram (record/picture of blood vessels), electrocardiogram (record of heartbeat patterns), mammogram (breast x-ray picture), -lysis, -lyze-- separate, break apart: analyze (to separate into parts for closer examination), dialysis (artificial cleansing of the blood as it flows through a machine), urinalysis (examination of the component parts of the urine), -plasty—surgical repair or rebuilding: angioplasty (widening of obstructed arteries), osteoplasty (repair of bone), rhinoplasty (repair and rebuilding of the nose), -scope, -scopy—look at: bronchoscope (an instrument that looks at the bronchii of the lungs), colonoscopy (using a tube with a camera at the end to examine the colon), endoscopy (looking inside a hollow organ with a lighted, flexible tube and camera),  stethoscope (an instrument used for listening to the heart, lungs, and other internal organs), -stomy—creating an opening (related to the prefix stoma—mouth): colostomy (removal of part of the colon and creation of an artificial opening for excretion), tracheostomy (making an opening in the trachea/windpipe), -tomy—cutting into, incision: craniotomy (cutting into the skull—cranium), laparatomy (a large incision into the abdomen), vagotomy (cutting into the vagus nerve), Improve your reading fluency with  selected articles & talks on one subject (for repeated use of key words), Understand and practice those words using explanations, crosswords, and more, Feel more confident about your English reading and vocab.