Durga Puja also includes the worship of Shiva, who is Durga's consort, in addition to Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya, who are considered to be Durga's children. Mahishasura took different forms and attacked the goddess. The four-day-long Durga Puja is a major annual festival in Bengal, Odisha, Assam, Jharkhand and Bihar. Left: Durga as buffalo-demon slayer from a 6th century Aihole Hindu temple, Karnataka; Right: in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu. [32], The word is also found in ancient post-Vedic Sanskrit texts such as in section 2.451 of the Mahabharata and section 4.27.16 of the Ramayana. For the surname, see. Western (Portuguese) sailors first came face to face with the murti of Deumus at Calicut on the Malabar Coast and they concluded it to be the deity of Calicut. [51], The most popular legend associated with the goddess is of her killing of Mahishasura. He is the founder of the Ramakrishna Mission. [49], Epigraphical evidence indicates that regardless of her origins, Durga is an ancient goddess.

The Cambodian Durga iconography shows her standing on top of the cut buffalo demon head. [78][79][80] The Tantric traditions of Buddhism included Durga and developed the idea further. While Maa Durga’s saga is known to all her devotees, there are some interesting facts about Maa Durga that are still unknown to many: 1. [20][21][33] The Devi Mahatmya and other mythologies describe the nature of demonic forces symbolised by Mahishasura as shape-shifting and adapting in nature, form and strategy to create difficulties and achieve their evil ends, while Durga calmly understands and counters the evil in order to achieve her solemn goals.

[74] After the Hindu reformists identified Durga with India, she became an icon for the Indian independence movement. Wayman, Alex; The Buddhist Tantras light on Indo-Tibetan esotericism, Routledge, (2008), page 23.

Th… Hi, I am Minakshi Bajpai, a mom and lifestyle blogger who writes about moms and kids. The devas gave her a copy of their weapons.

Of these, Chandika has two forms called Chandi and of Chamunda who is a form of Kali created by the goddess for killing demons Chanda and Munda. The 6th-century CE inscriptions in early Siddhamatrika script, such as at the Nagarjuni hill cave during the Maukhari era, already mention the legend of her victory over Mahishasura (buffalo-hybrid demon). [29], The word Durga and related terms appear in the Vedic literature, such as in the Rigveda hymns 4.28, 5.34, 8.27, 8.47, 8.93 and 10.127, and in sections 10.1 and 12.4 of the Atharvaveda. [10][11][12] Her breasts were made by Chandra and her teeth by Brahma. After several years, Brahma, pleased with his devotion appeared before the demon. Her temples, worship and festivals are particularly popular in eastern and northeastern parts of Indian subcontinent during Durga puja, Dashain and Navaratri. The demon opened his eyes and asked the god for immortality.

There are many epithets for Durga in Shaktism and her nine appellations are (Navadurga): Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skandamata, Katyayini, Kaalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhidatri. Durga on her lion, reached before Mahishasura's palace. For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service. [56][57] In Hindu arts, this tranquil attribute of Durga's face is traditionally derived from the belief that she is protective and violent not because of her hatred, egotism or getting pleasure in violence, but because she acts out of necessity, for the love of the good, for liberation of those who depend on her, and a mark of the beginning of soul's journey to creative freedom. [28] According to Alain Daniélou, Durga means "beyond defeat". Himavan, the lord of Himalayas, gifted a lion as her mount. According to Monier Monier-Williams, Durga is derived from the roots dur (difficult) and gam (pass, go through). (Bild: Völkerkundemuseum der Universität Zürich. [34][35][note 2].

[28] These usages are in different contexts. Physically he was part buffalo and part demon.

– Devi Sukta, Rigveda 10.125.3 – 10.125.8,[39][40][41], Devi's epithets synonymous with Durga appear in Upanishadic literature, such as Kali in verse 1.2.4 of the Mundaka Upanishad dated to about the 5th century BCE. Her face was created by Lord Shiva and her torso crafted by Indra.

Durga is depicted in the Hindu pantheon as a goddess riding a lion or tiger, with many arms each carrying a weapon,[4] often defeating Mahishasura (lit.

For example, Durg is the name of an Asura who had become invincible to gods, and Durga is the goddess who intervenes and slays him. [37][38], One of the earliest evidence of reverence for Devi, the feminine nature of God, appears in chapter 10.125 of the Rig Veda, one of the scriptures of Hinduism. [57][58][59], Durga traditionally holds the weapons of various male gods of Hindu mythology, which they give her to fight the evil forces because they feel that she is the shakti (energy, power). Durga herself is viewed as the "Self" within and the divine mother of all creation.

She is a goddess of war, the warrior form of Parvati, whose mythology centres around combating evils and demonic forces that threaten peace, prosperity, and Dharma the power of good over evil. and "Kaali Mata ki Jai!". [28] Durga as a demon-slaying goddess was likely well established by the time the classic Hindu text called Devi Mahatmya was composed, which scholars variously estimate to between 400 and 600 CE. Thunderbolt: Maa Durga holds thunderbolt in one of her hands which is symbolic of invincibility and … However, most differ from the Indian representation in one detail. Since it is celebrated during Sharad (literally, season of weeds), it is called as Sharadiya Durga Puja or Akal-Bodhan to differentiate it from the one celebrated originally in spring. She is imagined to be terrifying and destructive when she has to be, but benevolent and nurturing when she needs to be.

Other meanings may include: "the one who cannot be accessed easily",[28] "the undefeatable goddess".

In South India, especially Andhra Pradesh, Dussera Navaratri is also celebrated and the goddess is dressed each day as a different Devi, all considered equivalent but another aspect of Durga. [63], Archeological discoveries suggest that these iconographic features of Durga became common throughout India by about the 4th century CE, states David Kinsley – a professor of religious studies specialising on Hindu goddesses. Sri consisted of sattva, Bhu as rajas and Durga as tamas".

[27] It is related to the word Durg (दुर्ग) which means "fortress, something difficult to defeat or pass". [52][53], Durga has been a warrior goddess, and she is depicted to express her martial skills. [83][77] Several aspects of Tārā is believed to have originated as a form of the goddess Durga, notably her fierce guardian form. I rouse and order battle for the people, I created Earth and Heaven and reside as their Inner Controller. [63] Durga iconography has been flexible in the Hindu traditions, where for example some intellectuals place a pen or other writing implements in her hand since they consider their stylus as their weapon. In the Shakta tradition of Hinduism, many of the stories about obstacles and battles have been considered as metaphors for the divine and demonic within each human being, with liberation being the state of self-understanding whereby a virtuous nature and society emerging victorious over the vicious. [45][46] The Devi Upanishad and other Shakta Upanishads, mostly dated to have been composed in or after the 9th century, present the philosophical and mystical speculations related to Durga as Devi and other epithets, identifying her to be the same as the Brahman and Atman (self, soul). Durga is present in Indian Nationalism where Bharat Mata i.e.

In Hinduism, Shaktas believe Durga as ultimate reality called Brahman.

[25][26], The word Durga (दुर्गा) literally means "impassable",[25] [5] "invincible, unassailable". He captured heaven and was not in any kind of fear, as he thought women to be powerless and weak. I make the man I love exceedingly mighty, make him nourished, a sage, and one who knows Brahman.

A painting of Durga slaying the Buffalo demon. [66] While anthropomorphic icons of her, such as those showing her riding a lion and holding weapons, are common, the Hindu traditions use aniconic forms and geometric designs (yantra) to remember and revere what she symbolises. I created all worlds at my will, without any higher being, and permeate and dwell within them. [90], In Cambodia, during its era of Hindu kings, Durga was popular and numerous sculptures of her have been found. [17][18][19] Estimated to have been composed between 400 and 600 CE,[20][21][22] this text is considered by Shakta Hindus to be as important a scripture as the Bhagavad Gita. [60] These include chakra, conch, bow, arrow, sword, javelin, shield, and a noose.

[42] She appears in Harivamsa in the form of Vishnu's eulogy, and in Pradyumna prayer. [87], Archeological site excavations in Indonesia, particularly on the island of Java, have yielded numerous statues of Durga.

[68] Dashain is the longest national holiday of Nepal, and is a public holiday in Sikkim and Bhutan. While Maa Durga’s saga is known to all her devotees, there are some interesting facts about Maa Durga that are still unknown to many: Suicide abetment case: Republic TV editor-in-chief Arnab Goswami arrested in Mumbai, Poonam Pandey shoots obscene video in Goa, booked, Interview with Table Tennis Champion Harmeet Desai, Miss Diva Universe 2019 Vartika Singh at Hyatt Regency Lucknow, Shefali Sood and Varun Verma during Press Conference at Aloft New Delhi Aerocity, Shivani Jadhav's first glimpse at Miss Grand International 2019, 7 meal replacement shakes for weight loss, Men's Indo western styles that give a modern twist to ethnic attires, Charcoal toothbrushes for effectively cleaning your teeth, Terms of Use and Grievance Redressal Policy.