Author Note: This species does well in outdoor ponds, too (assuming the weather is right). You should also change about a quarter of the water volume every week to prevent ammonia and nitrate levels from spiking.

Females can lay upwards of 1,000 eggs at once!

But it’s important to know what you’re getting into first. The average size of an adult Pearlscale goldfish is typically about six to eight inches in length. They will appreciate live foods, peas, sinking pellets and occasional flake foods (not too many!). The Pearlscale is also one of the smallest goldfish types usually only growing four to six inches in length. Author Note: There are a couple of special varieties of Pearlscale goldfish. But if you do want to actively promote spawning, the process is very similar to that of standard goldfish. This particular species is relatively new, popping up around the turn of the 20th century. For the most part, Pearlscales are quite hardy. Pearlscale goldfish grow to an average of 5 to 7 inches long, but some can grow to be 10 inches or longer. Chocolate brown fish are also becoming more prevalent. [1] The Pearlscale can also known as the Ping Pong Pearlscale and Golfball Pearlscale. Start at a low water temperature around 60 degrees.

Keeping the water quality under control can help to prevent your goldfish from dashing themselves against things out of irritation and keep their scales on! Resources

The fish should be bright and alert and displaying well developed domed scales all over the body area.

We recommend using a tank size of no less than 20 gallons for the Pearlscale goldfish. Despite the bulbous shape of their bellies, the intestinal tract is quite compact. As we mentioned earlier, they’re often compared to oranges in terms of size and shape! The gentle nature of the Pearlscale goldfish makes it vulnerable to getting picked on by more aggressive breeds, such as the Ryukin. Usually kept in well maintained goldfish aquariums, the Pearlscale can reach a length of about 4-6 inches and live at least 10-15 years.

These fish can get slightly larger, with some even reaching lengths of 10 inches. To avoid the disease, monitor water conditions. Calico and bi-colored fish are popular as well. Because of their wide load, they require a diet that is varied and includes vegetables to prevent them from having Swim Bladder Disease. Pearlscale goldfish aren’t a naturally occurring species. Wen Pearlscales are similar to species like the Oranda goldfish. For both aquarists and onlookers alike, this is a species that people just seem to love! Once they’re free-swimming, you can provide powdered food or infusoria until they’re ready to eat freshly hatched brine shrimp. Get the Book, Care Guide Mature adults can have a perfectly rounded belly that’s similar in shape to the orange fruit. This species is very easy-going and docile. Pearlscales are some of the most peaceable goldfish. The finnage may be long or short. By the time you’re done reading it, you’ll be ready to go! Pearlscales are great cold water aquarium fish. With proper handling and care, pearlscale goldfish can grow to sizes of up to eight inches in length and can live for well over a decade. [1][3] Its body is round and similar to a golf ball. The body should be short and rounded (not elongated). Nerite and Mystery snails are two great choices.

You don’t want the beautiful scales of your fish to get damaged! [4], Orange and white fancy Pearlscale goldfish, Pearlscale before wen and domed scales have developed, Pearlscales come in every fancy goldfish color variety.[3].

Sometimes referred to as the Golfball Pearlscale or Ping-Pong goldfish, these freshwater fish have a signature body shape and distinct scales you won’t find in other types of goldfish. This fish is most easily identified by its deep, round belly and rows of small, hard, bead-shaped scales covering most of its body. If you want to use live plants, choose cold-hardy varieties like Hornwort, Java moss, Anacharis, and Anubias. They’re actually made out of calcium carbonate deposits. As long as you follow these water parameters, your Pearlscale should have no problem thriving in your tank.

When they eat too much or take in too much air, the swim bladder organ suffers. Despite their lack of mobility, they’re actually rather active (everything just happens slowly). Crowned Pearlscale are sporting large rounded bubbles on the head. The scales of the fish are actually made of deposits of calcium carbonate, and on very large fish may get rather large. They are full of personality and fun. The rounded belly and scales develop as the fish gets older. Like other fancy goldfish, Pearlscales were developed in captivity. Juveniles look like normal fancy goldfish by comparison. Pearlscale goldfish are omnivores with a healthy diet. The pearly scales will appear soon after. They can, however, be found in many different color patterns and markings including calico (fairly common), red, white, black, blue, bi-color and most recently chocolate. They are genetic, and will happen to Pearlscales regardless of their diet. Pearlscale goldfish are a fascinating freshwater fish with quite a unique appearance. This fish can reach the size of an orange and be just as round as one, too! Pearlscale goldfish make great additions to peaceful community tanks (or ponds). Their body is more round than any other breed of goldfish, and combined with the special scales, it has sometimes been called the golf ball goldfish!

These freshwater fish can adapt to a range of environments and do well in cooler waters. The occasional live or freeze-dried food is good, too. These fish aren’t particularly strong swimmers.

Too much protein is unnecessary and can lead to a variety of health complications. Pearlscale goldfish are susceptible to swimbladderdisorders which affect the ability to maintain normal position in the water. The caudal fin should be held high without signs of drooping and well divided. Learn more.

Feeding About & Contact You can provide dry flakes and pellets that are fortified with calcium. The Pearlscale goldfish, known being one of the most “well-rounded” types of goldfish, lends a personality to any tank. Pearlscales are found without headgrowth (wen), with Oranda-like headgrowth, or with two large bubble domes.

They are not any more gluttonous than other goldfish species.

However, their unique biology does open them up to some health problems.

Luckily, the broad group of fancy goldfish have been around for centuries, so their preferred living conditions are long-established. These omnivores can typically live over a decade, or longer if properly cared for. They have the iconic wen growth, which is bubbly and textured. But again, those instances are the exception rather than the rule. The color may be metallic (ideally self-colored or variegated in a pleasing pattern and similar on each side), orange or calico.

Many fast-swimming fish are notorious for nipping the fins of the Pearlscale.

Size of fish - inches: 4.0 inches (10.16 cm) - Pearlscale Goldfish will generally reach about 4 inches (10 cm) in length, but have been reported to grow twice that …

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It's considered one of the hardier species of fancy goldfish and can be recommended to the beginners. First, set up a separate breeding tank filled with plants or spawning mops.

[3], Like many fancy goldfish, Pearlscales are egg-shaped with internal organs crowded in a compacted body, therefore overfeeding should be avoided. They are also quite vulnerable to pH changes and should not be exposed for long periods to overly acidic or alkaline environments. [3] Pearlscale goldfish are susceptible to swimbladder disorders which affect the ability to maintain normal position in the water. Thus, they don’t exist in the wild.

Alison has been interested in fish and aquariums for over five years. The disease affects the fish’s ability to swim, so you must do all that you can to avoid it. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. Have you ever owned a Pearlscale goldfish? You should avoid keeping them with any aggressive or semi-aggressive species.

Overfeeding can result in digestion issues, a persistent problem with their compact intestinal track. They have no problem cohabitating with other docile species. These fish prefer to live in cooler waters that are slow-moving and teeming with plant life. In suboptimal living conditions, those health issues can have a greater effect on the fish, shortening their lifespan significantly. Calico fish should have a blue background with patches of violet, red, orange, yellow and brown, spotted with black. This includes issues like Ich, fin rot, fungus, and flukes. Very young Pearlscales can be mistaken for Fantail goldfish when they have not developed much of a belly and their scales are still small and hard to see. On average, the lifespan of a Pearlscale goldfish is about 5 to 10 years. These scales are nacreous in nature and arranged in rows.

It’s also important to limit protein to about 30 percent of their diet. Effective Pearlscale goldfish care is all about understanding the specific needs of these fish. Pearlscales are comparatively weak swimmers, but they’ll wobble along the water and show off their beauty all the same! They are a well-rounded species (pun intended) that can be deceptively hardy despite their strange anatomy. It’s really all the same to this fish! This is attributed to the selective breeding process of fancy goldfish to achieve particular body forms, such as that of the Pearlscale's roundness, which results in the alteration of the appearance of the shape and function of the swimbladder. Pearlscale goldfish are susceptible to all the common freshwater fish diseases.

Leave your comment below – I love hearing from my readers about their pets! Be warned that the scale will grow back, but only as a regular scale and never again as an elevated one. Pearlscales are relatively hardy and are able to withstand colder temperatures. This guide will help prepare you for the task by covering all the essential elements of Pearlscale goldfish care. The Pearlscale (or Chinshurin in Japanese) is a spherical-bodied fancy goldfish with doubled finnage similar to the fantail.[1][2]. They tolerate a wide temperature range and do best with neutral pH levels.

They are prone to issues with this organ as they age and their stomach swells. Breeding pearlscale goldfish Due to their delicate scales and the risk of injury during natural spawning, it might be advisable to employ the hand spawning method with pearlscale goldfish. While caring for these fish isn’t the hardest job in the world, it requires you to be mindful of the specific requirements they need (mainly due to their anatomy).

But again, those instances are the exception rather than the rule. Blog I have owned my share of them, and can say from personal experience that I have never seen them show any signs of aggression to other fish (there are always exceptions I’m sure, though!). They’re sometimes called Hooded Pearlscales, High-Headed Pearlscales, or Hamanishiki. There are some reports of these fish living up to 15 years, but those instances are few and far between. The characteristic feature of the Pearlscale is its thick, domed scales with pearl-like appearance. Quality fish will have high color intensity extending into the fins.

Their good-natured personality makes them great community fish. This means adding plenty of rocks, driftwood, and plants. Fin rot is quite common in poor water conditions. Fry can survive on the egg sac for a couple of days. This means that all Pearlscales are nacreous, and cannot be found in metallic!

That’s enough space for a single Pearlscale goldfish. It’s also a good idea to steer clear of fast-swimmers. This makes swimming more difficult for them than for other fancy goldfish, and should be taken into consideration when selecting friends for it (see below).