Chapter 7: The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes, Chapter 4: The Trouble of Geniuses, Part II, Chapter 3: The Trouble With Geniuses, Part 1. After all, the Borgenichts began by selling aprons, and Alex Williams simply asserted himself by speaking up during a checkup with his doctor. Outliers Quotes Showing 1-30 of 527 “Practice isn't the thing you do once you're good. The Rosetans were healthy because off where they were from, because of the world they had created for themselves in their little town in the hills.

It is grounded in a web of advantages and inheritances, some deserved, some not, some earned, some just plain lucky--but all critical to making them who they are. The psychologist Richard Lynn has even gone so far as to propose an elaborate evolutionary theory involving the Himalayas, really cold weather, premodern hunting practices, brain size, and specialized vowel sounds to explain why Asians have higher IQs. It takes no small degree of humility for him to look back on his life and say, "I was very lucky." We are too much in awe of those who succeed and far too dismissive of those who fail. “Success is a function of persistence and doggedness and the willingness to work hard for twenty-two minutes to make sense of something that most people would give up on after thirty seconds.”, “It’s not how much money we make that ultimately makes us happy between nine and five. Imagine what it must have been like to watch Regina and Louis Borgenicht through the eyes of one of their offspring. sites credible sources Johns Hopkins University sociologist Karl Alexander Very well known author Gladwell's Ethos Tommy & Jay under privileged neighborhoods "These are not streets you'd happily walk down, alone, after dark." Outliers goes on to consider how cultural legacies can explain everything from plane crashes to high mathematical achievement--legacies that are not uniformly positive or negative, and that are very different from the aggression-oriented legacy of a "culture of honor.". Relationships are eternal. But Gladwell convincingly demonstrates that the achievement gap is in many ways attributable to the existence of a summer break, which drives apart higher income children from lover income children and allows months of schooling to be undone for children who cannot afford to have a productive summer vacation. This Study Guide consists of approximately 29 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Outliers. Throughout Outliers, Gladwell has rejected factors such as genetics and IQ as determinants of success. (151)”, “No one who can rise before dawn three hundred sixty days a year fails to make his family rich.”, “It's not how much money we make that ultimately makes us happy between nine and five. She doesn't need a laptop, a smaller class, a teacher with a PhD, or a bigger apartment.

So she must give up a lot: friends, vacations, evenings and weekends off. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our. After all, an underprivileged student like Marita can succeed with relatively few resources; what she really needs is the opportunity that enrollment in a goal-oriented school like KIPP can provide. New York City, South Bronx. Learn the important quotes in Outliers: The Story of Success and the chapters they're from, including why they're important and what they mean in the context of the book. Throughout his discussion, Gladwell is interested in the practical applications of this seemingly arbitrary and abstract rule.

Struggling with distance learning? Our world only allowed one thirteen-year-old unlimited access to a time sharing terminal in 1968. He knew he needed to do a better job of navigating the world, but he didn't know how. And it’s the biggest nine- and ten-year-olds who get the most coaching and practice. We are so caught in the myths of the best and the brightest and the self-made that we think outliers spring naturally from the earth.

Someone brought a little bit of the rice paddy to South Bronx and explained to her the miracle of meaningful work. 2.

If everyone was given the same opportunity then we would never have any outliers or would we create a whole new "breed" of outliers? 1005 likes. Who were the three “outlier” examples that captured the attention (and imagination) of Lewis Terman? Being a teacher is meaningful.”, “In fact, researchers have settled on what they believe is the magic number for true expertise: ten thousand hours.”, “Once a musician has enough ability to get into a top music school, the thing that distinguishes one performer from another is how hard he or she works. He was wrong about his Termites, and had he happened on the young Chris Langan working his way through Principia Mathematica at the age of sixteen, he would have been wrong about him for the same reason. This quotation is taken from "A Jamaican Story," the section of Outliers that records Malcolm Gladwell's own family history. He uses multiple examples to argue for the validity of the "10,000-hour rule," but also points out an important nuance: random social and historical opportunities, after all, will determine whether an individual has the chance to put in the proverbial 10,000 hours. Instant downloads of all 1372 LitChart PDFs Most bands today don’t perform twelve hundred times in their entire careers. Struggling with distance learning? LitCharts Teacher Editions. Summary. They persist, generation after generation, virtually intact, even as the economic and social and demographic conditions that spawned them have vanished, and they play such a role in directing attitudes and behavior that we cannot make sense of our world without them.”, “I want to convince you that these kinds of personal explanations of success don't work. But, as we shall see, Terman made an error. In this quote, Gladwell calls attention to the importance of two factors--self-assertion and meaningful work--in determining success. We use cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. This explanation of the connection between practice and success is set up by two examples: Gladwell's analysis of software engineer Bill Joy, and Gladwell's discussion of a study conducted by K. Anders Ericsson. This idea—that effort must be balanced by rest—could not be more different from Asian notions about study and work, of course. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Outliers Chapter 9 Discussion questions and Vocab. Here, Gladwell expresses a form of sympathy for Chris Langan, an obscure genius who contributes the story of his life to Outliers. However, perhaps the real "strangeness" is that the modern-day descendants of people from feud-oriented cultures are themselves--and perhaps without fully realizing it--in some ways as innately aggressive as their ancestors. Not every hockey player born in January ends up playing at the professional level. It's the thing you do that makes you good.”, “Who we are cannot be separated from where we're from.”, “Those three things - autonomy, complexity, and a connection between effort and reward - are, most people will agree, the three qualities that work has to have if it is to be satisfying.”, “It is those who are successful, in other words, who are most likely to be given the kinds of special opportunities that lead to further success. Keep up the good work and keep on Outliers: The Story of Success Malcolm Gladwell INTRODUCTION The Roseto Mystery THESE PEOPLE WERE DYING OF OLD AGE. Outliers are those that have been given an opportunities - and who have had the strength and presence of mind to seize them.”, “Who we are cannot be separated from where we’re from.”, “But before he could become an expert, someone had to give him the opportunity to learn how to be an expert.”, “Hard work is a prison sentence only if it does not have meaning. Although people from prosperous backgrounds are often best equipped for success, resources are no guarantee of success. But that's the wrong lesson. But a different kind of testing is called "divergence" testing, which involves asking a... Outliers study guide contains a biography of Malcolm Gladwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.