Revolution of 1905 Strikes by urban workers and peasants in Russia; prompted by shortages of food and by Russia’s loss to Japan in 1905. Also called Koran. hajj The pilgrimage to the Ka’aba in Mecca required once of every Muslim who is not limited by health or financial restrictions. All content of site and practice tests copyright © 2017 Max. mosque The house of worship of followers of Islam. Turkic language with a long literary tradition spoken in xinjiang, established regional trade centers, where copper, gold, silver, lead, gum copal pottery, beads, and bronze came from Cambodia, China, Arabia, Egypt, Yemen, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Indian subcontinent, merchant communities that introduced their own cultures into other areas. samurai The military class of feudal Japan. A system in which, from the time of the Han Empire, countries in East and Southeast Asia not under the direct control of empires based in China nevertheless enrolled as tributary states, acknowledging the superiority of the emperors in China. shogun Military leaders under the bakufu. Be sure to include which edition of the textbook you are using! A water route from the Atlantic to the Pacific through northern Canada and along the northern coast of Alaska. A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. liberalism An Enlightenment philosophy that favored civil rights, the protection of private property, and representative government. Bantu-speaking peoples Name given to a group of sub-Saharan African peoples whose migrations altered the society of sub-Saharan Africa. *AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this web site. Tanzimat reforms Nineteenth-century reforms by Ottoman rulers designed to make the government and military more efficient. guano Bird droppings used as fertilizer; a major trade item of Peru in the late nineteenth century. people on the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia`, A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water, Southeast Asian sailors who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 C.E., they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana. World Trade Organization (WTO) An international organization begun in 1995 to promote and organize world trade.

Details. abacus An ancient Chinese counting device that used rods on which were mounted movable counters. Combination library, academy, and translation center in Baghdad established in the 800s. feminism The movement to achieve equal rights for women. cultural diffusion The transmission of ideas and products from one culture to another. Neo-Confucianism A philosophy that blended Confucianism with Buddhism thought. appeasement Policy of Great Britain and France of making concessions to Hitler in the 1930s. Pax Romana The Roman Peace; the period of prosperity and stability throughout the Roman Empire in the first two centuries CE. Dar al-Islam The House of Islam; a term representing the political and religious unity of the various Islamic groups. If you're having any problems, or would like to give some feedback, we'd love to hear from you. Baghdad hub cosmopolitan, The istic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later acted as the defacto catalyst to the formation and subsequent revolutionization in the form of sikkihism, Relating to or resembling a monastery (where monks or nuns live), esp. excommunication The practice of the Roman Catholic and other Christian churches of prohibiting participation in the sacraments to those who do not comply with Church teachings or practices. knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the Inca to keep financial records. nation-state A sovereign state whose people share a common culture and national identity. Enlightenment A philosophical movement in eighteenth-century Europe that was based on reason and the concept that education and training could improve humankind and society. Quran The holy book of Islam.