The neuter tria corresponds to Umbrian triia and Greek τρία tría.

The suffixes attached to cardinals are often very similar to superlative suffixes (e.g. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. [3] Numbers beyond three are rare; those beyond four are obscure. Monégasque, It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free. Et is not used when there are more than two words in a compound numeral: centum trīgintā quattuor. ( Log Out /  Dalmatian, Latin Ordinal Numbers Variations. In other languages, different ordinal indicators are used to write ordinal numbers. [19], The invariant numeral quattuor ‘four’ does not fully correspond to any of its cognates in other languages, as Oscan petora ‘four’, Greek τέσσαρες téssares ‘four’, Old Irish cethair ‘four’, Gothic fidwôr ‘four’, Lithuanian keturì ‘four’, Old Church Slavonic četyre ‘four’ point to a Proto-Indo-European base *kʷetu̯or-, that should appear as *quetuor in Latin; the actual -a- has been explained as epenthetic vowel emerging from a zero-grade *kʷtu̯or-. Some of those sets are shown in the tables below. Piedmontese, When speaking the numbers in fractions, the spatial/chronological numbering system is used for denominators larger than 2 (2 as the denominator of a fraction is "half" rather than "second"), with a denominator of 4 sometimes spoken as "quarter" rather than "fourth". Italian, For example: 5 November 1605 (pronounced "the fifth of November ... "); November 5, 1605, ("November (the) Fifth ..."). which also carried over into the anno Domini system and Christian dating, e.g. Latin numbers can be expressed cardinally and ordinally. The spatial and chronological ordinal numbers corresponding to cardinals from 13 to 19 are the number followed by the suffix -th, as "sixteenth". When declining two-word ordinals (thirteenth onwards), both words decline to match in gender, number and case. Create a free website or blog at Phrases | Latin language | third. [2] The first two in the sequence are by far the most common; 'tertiary' appears occasionally, and higher numbers are rare except in specialized contexts ('quaternary period'). Jèrriais, simplus 'simple', duplus 'twice as great', triplus 'thrice as great', quadruplus 'four times as great', and so on. These numerals decline as 3rd declension adjectives: For completeness all the numbers have been given above. nineteenth. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. ), the remaining forms (including a rare gen. f. ūnae) conform with those of first and second declension adjectives. ", In contrast, cardinal numbers are nouns which tell you how many objects there are. first. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account.

This system results in "two thirds" for ​2⁄3 and "fifteen thirty-seconds" for ​15⁄32. There are four central aspects to the Latin numeral: The cardinal: ūnus, duo, trēs, quattuor The ordinal: prīmus, secundus, tertius, quārtus The distributive: singulī, bīnī, ternī, quaternī The adverb: semel, bis, ter, quater Ordinals are derived from cardinals, and operate as declining adjectives, in the manner of bonus, -a, -um The suffixes attached to cardinals…

So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site. nouns that were plural but which had a singular meaning, for example litterae 'a letter', castra 'a camp', catēnae 'a set of chains', vestīmenta '(a set of) clothes', hibernae 'winter quarters', nūptiae 'wedding', quadrīgae 'quadriga' etc. Language family index. thirteenth. fifth. (thus, both words decline and have three double-declining variations with 14th-19th). ( Log Out /  Based on the distributive numerals are derived a series of adjectives ending in -ārius: singulārius 'unique', 'extraordinary', 'of one part', 'singular', bīnārius 'of two parts', ternārius 'of three parts', quaternārius 'of four parts', and so on. The accusative forms dŭōs m., dŭās f., the genitive dŭom, classical dŭōrum m./n., dŭārum f., and the dative/ablative dŭōbus m./n., dŭābus f., are original Latin formations replicating nominal declension patterns; at times, duo stands in for other case forms, especially when combined with invariant numerals, e. g. duo et vīgintī ‘twenty-two’, duodētrīgintā ‘twenty-eight’.[17][20]. Below are listed the basic ordinal numbers in Latin with the Roman numeral corresponding to their value and their English equivalent. There are four central aspects to the Latin numeral: Ordinals are derived from cardinals, and operate as declining adjectives, in the manner of bonus, -a, -um. The dēnārius was a silver coin originally worth ten assēs (but later sixteen assēs); but there was also a gold dēnārius, mentioned by Pliny the Elder and Petronius, worth 25 silver dēnāriī. Spanish, Alphabetical index | Numbers may either precede or follow their noun (see Latin word order). Cardinal numbers are numbers we use to count when we count things in order. [17][20][19], The cardinal number quīnque ‘five’, with its cognates Old Irish coíc ‘five’, Greek πέντε pénte ‘five’, Sanskrit पञ्च pañca ‘five’, leads back to Proto-Indo-European pénkʷe; the long -ī-, confirmed by preserved -i- in most Romance descendants, must have been transferred from the ordinal quīntus ‘fifth’, where the original short vowel had been regularly lengthened preceding a cluster with a vanishing fricative: quīntus < *quiŋxtos < *kʷuiŋkʷtos < *kʷeŋkʷ-to-s. Based on this series of numerals there is a series of adverbs: simpliciter 'simply, frankly', dupliciter 'doubly, ambiguously', tripliciter 'in three different ways' etc., as well as verbs such as duplicāre 'to double', triplicāre 'to triple', quadruplicāre 'to make four times as much', and so on.[14]. Note: all links on this site to, and are affiliate links.

Not all of these numerals are attested in ancient books, however. French, protagonist, deuteragonist, tritagonist; protium, deuterium, tritium; Proto-Isaiah, Deutero-Isaiah. Ordinal numbers are numbers we use to list things, like when we place people in first, second or third place.


Learn latin ordinal numbers cardinal numerals with free interactive flashcards. Numbers | ninth. [15], The numeral ūnus < Old Latin oinos ‘one’, with its cognates Old Irish óen ‘one’, Gothic ains ‘one’, Ancient Greek οἴνη oínē ‘ace on dice’, and the first part of Old Church Slavonic inorogŭ ‘Unicorn’, hearkens back to Proto-Indo-European *Hoi̯-no-s. The Latin language had several sets of number words used for various purposes. ( Log Out /  Picard, Choose from 500 different sets of list latin ordinal numbers flashcards on Quizlet. Certain nouns in Latin were plurālia tantum, i.e. twelfth. For Roman numeric figures (for example II, XIX), see, C. G. Zumpt, "A Grammar of the Latin Language", 4th edition, 1836, translated by John Kenrick, p.73, quadringentī, quadringentae, quadringenta, Appendix:Latin cardinal numerals,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 18:31. Often these adjectives specify the size or weight of something. seventeenth.

Portuguese, Proportional numerals are declinable adjectives. Most numbers are invariable and do not change their endings: However, the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 200, 300, etc. The geminate -tt- might have been established to compensate the fluctuating quality of succeeding -u- between non-syllabic glide and full vowel apparent since Old Latin; in the postclassical form quattor this sound is dropped altogether, and in most Romance languages the second syllable is subject to syncope, which then is compensated by an additional vowel at the very end of the word, as in Spanish cuatro, Portuguese quatro, Italian quattro, French, Occitan, Catalan quatre, Romanian patru.