from South African arid regions, while the sweet watermelon is closer to Citrullus mucosospermus (Fursa) Fursa from West Africa and populations from Sudan. Watermelons suffering from hollow heart are safe to consume. As noted above, while some people do eat it raw, it's more often cooked or prepared in some other way.
 It was reassigned to the genus Citrullus in 1916 by Japanese botanists Jinzō Matsumura and Takenoshin Nakai.
, European colonists and slaves from Africa introduced the watermelon to the New World.
Grilled Watermelon With Smoked Salt And Jalapeno RingsGet the Grilled Watermelon with Smoked … This requires planting pollinizer rows of varieties with viable pollen. While there are many health benefits of eating citrus fruits, it's important to consume non citrus fruits, as well.
citroides and Citrullus amarus, fodder melon, preserving melon, red-seeded citron, jam melon, stock melon, Kalahari melon or tsamma melon. , A small-fruited form with a bumpy skin has caused poisoning in sheep.
 Lack of pollen is thought to contribute to "hollow heart" which causes the flesh of the watermelon to develop a large hole, sometimes in an intricate, symmetric shape. These are yellow, and greenish on the back.
A List of Fruits With Low Citrus Levels | Livestrong.com
It has a thin, light and dark green striped rind, and sweet white flesh with black seeds.
It is grown only on the island of Hokkaido, Japan, where up to 10,000 watermelons are produced every year.
The rind is black with no stripes or spots. The pH scale was designed to measure acidity, in this case for fruits. It spread northwards through southern Europe, perhaps limited in its advance by summer temperatures being insufficient for good yields.
The variety was an important food source for travellers in the Kalahari Desert.
, A bitter watermelon has become naturalized in semiarid regions of several continents, and is designated as a "pest plant" in parts of Western Australia where they are called "pig melon". Citrus fruits are edible fruits that belong to the genus Citrus, and family Rutaceae.
Bailey in 1930.
", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Watermelon&oldid=985116733, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
citroides; C. vulgaris var.
In 2017, China produced about two-thirds of the world total of watermelons. What Fruits Are Not Citrus?
Hook.f.  The largest recorded fruit was grown in Tennessee in 2013 and weighed 159 kilograms (351 pounds). ), The bitter wooly melon is the sister species of Citrullus ecirrhosus Cogn. Around the same time, Native Americans were cultivating the crop in the Mississippi valley and Florida. On a garden scale, seeds are usually sown in pots under cover and transplanted into well-drained sandy loam with a pH between 5.5 and 7, and medium levels of nitrogen.
Spanish settlers were growing it in Florida in 1576, and it was being grown in Massachusetts by 1629, and by 1650 was being cultivated in Peru, Brazil and Panama, as well as in many British and Dutch colonies. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, having more than 1,000 varieties. The leaves are large, coarse, hairy pinnately-lobed and alternate; they get stiff and rough when old. The fruit can be eaten raw or pickled, and the rind is edible after cooking.
Leaves are 60 to 200 millimetres (2 1⁄4 to 7 3⁄4 inches) long and 40 to 150 mm (1 1⁄2 to 6 in) wide. Seedless hybrids have sterile pollen.  The cubic shape was originally designed to make the melons easier to stack and store, but these "square watermelons" may be triple the price of normal ones, so appeal mainly to wealthy urban consumers.
Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. The watermelon is a citrus fruit in the curcurbitacae family, the same family as the cucumber. The citron melon (Citrullus caffer) is a relative of the watermelon, also called Citrullus lanatus var. There is evidence from seeds in Pharaoh tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt. is a synonym of C. amarus Schrad. They have a rough texture and a visible white venation. Try apples, pears, watermelon and berries.
The variety known as tsamma is grown for its juicy white flesh. In some areas, it is even used as a source of water during dry seasons.
citroides). , Watermelon is a sweet, commonly consumed fruit of summer, usually as fresh slices, diced in mixed fruit salads, or as juice. Three discussions in Cucurbitaceae. These fruits have been known to make acid reflux or heartburn worse, so if you have this problem you will want to limit the amount you consume in your daily diet.
, In the 7th century, watermelons were being cultivated in India, and by the 10th century had reached China, which is today the world's single largest watermelon producer. The 'Densuke' watermelon has round fruit up to 11 kg (24 lb).  This now-common fruit is often large enough that groceries often sell half or quarter melons. Matsum. citroides Bailey is the same as Thunberg's bitter wooly melon, C. lanatus and also the same as C. amarus Schrad.  Watermelon juice can be blended with other fruit juices or made into wine.
The citron melon (Citrullus caffer) is a relative of the watermelon, also called Citrullus lanatus var.  After the Civil War, black people were maligned for their association with watermelon.
Stick to non-acidic fruits such as banana, melon and mango if you're concerned.
Considerable breeding effort has developed disease-resistant varieties. It produced high yields and was resistant to the most serious watermelon diseases: anthracnose and fusarium wilt. Watermelons are plants grown in climates from tropical to temperate, needing temperatures higher than about 25 °C (77 °F) to thrive. 1930.
Your email address will not be published. Bailey LH. The male flowers predominate at the beginning of the season; the female flowers, which develop later, have inferior ovaries.
DNA data reveal that C. lanatus var.
The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers occurring on the same plant (monoecious). Watermelon pulp contains carotenoids, including lycopene. , Others were also working on disease-resistant cultivars; J. M. Crall at the University of Florida produced 'Jubilee' in 1963 and C. V. Hall of Kansas State University produced 'Crimson Sweet' the following year. These usually have three lobes which are themselves lobed or doubly lobed. , A number of cultivar groups have been identified:, (syn. Beets are high in potassium, which helps eliminate fluid. Matsum.
Only vitamin C is present in appreciable content at 10% of the Daily Value (table).
Its adaptability meant it could be grown over a wide geographical area.
It takes about 90–100 days from planting to harvest.
Some examples of citrus fruits include oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruit.
Watermelon is not considered to be citrus fruit because of where it falls on the pH scale. It was originally brought to. Citric acid in fruit can cause problems for teeth and your digestive system.
The pH scale was designed to measure acidity, in this case for fruits.
Young growth is densely woolly with yellowish-brown hairs which disappear as the plant ages. & Nakai, was accepted by the nomenclature committee and confirmed at the International Botanical Congress in 2017. This has been achieved through the use of triploid varieties, but these are sterile, and the cost of producing the seed by crossing a tetraploid parent with a normal diploid parent is high. The Moors introduced the fruit into the Iberian Peninsula and there is evidence of it being cultivated in Córdoba in 961 and also in Seville in 1158. In June 2008, one of the first harvested watermelons was sold at an auction for 650,000 yen (US$6,300), making it the most expensive watermelon ever sold.
In early times, countries in the Mediterranean region were leading producers of these fruits. The large fruit is a kind of modified berry called a pepo with a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center (mesocarp and endocarp).  In China, the seeds are eaten at Chinese New Year celebrations.
, Watermelon rinds may be eaten, but their unappealing flavor may be overcome by pickling, sometimes eaten as a vegetable, stir-fried or stewed.
The 'Cream of Saskatchewan' has small, round fruits about 25 cm (10 in) in diameter. Its oblong shape and hard rind made it easy to stack and ship.  Watermelon seeds were also found in the Dead Sea region at the ancient settlements of Bab edh-Dhra and Tel Arad.  Wild plants have fruits up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter, while cultivated varieties may exceed 60 cm (24 in). These fruits are either eaten by simply peeling off the skin, or are squeezed to make juice. For the citrus fruit, see citron.  A proposal to conserve the name, Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) It is known in the southern plains states of the USA as pine melon, as well as citron melon.