The IG Farben Building was developed on land known as the Grüneburggelände. [50], Several IG Farben executives said after the war that they did not know about the gassings, despite the increase in sales of Zyklon B to Auschwitz. Farben, that fueled Hitler’s war machine. [36] Degesch originally supplied the gas to Auschwitz to fumigate clothing that was infested with lice, which carried typhus. The axial centre at the rear of the building has a round glazed façade; here, the view of the buildings at the rear of the site (the "casino") is maximised by the curved walls that afford vistas to the subsidiary buildings 100 m distant, separated from the main building by parkland and a pool. Wikipedia will suffice for a basic understanding of its early history:, As a result of discussions at the Paris Peace Conference, a small group of British and American diplomats and scholars met on May 30, 1919 at the Hotel Majestic in Paris and decided to create an Anglo-American organization called “The Institute of International Affairs”, which would have offices in London and New York.

During World War II, the surrounding neighbourhood was devastated, but the building itself was left largely intact (and inhabited by the homeless citizens of a bomb-ravaged Frankfurt).

In September 1944 Fritz ter Meer, a member of IG Farben's supervisory board and future chair of Bayer's board of directors, and Ernst Struss, secretary of the company's managing board, are said to have made plans to destroy company files in Frankfurt in the event of an American invasion.

[53], Other IG Farben staff appear to have known. [4], The building was the headquarters for production administration of dyes, pharmaceutical drugs, magnesium, lubricating oil, explosives, and methanol, and for research projects relating to the development of synthetic oil and rubber during World War II. [4].

In 1936, it was the principal source for Zyklon B, the poison used in German concentration camps.

Even in 1995 the association of the building with Nazism had been hard to shake off, despite its outstanding 1920s architecture.

[27] The designation was used as the title of an East German film, The Council of the Gods (1950).

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Farbenindustrie AG in Liquidation).[65].

After 1952, the building served as the European centre of the American armed forces and the headquarters of the U.S. V Corps. IG Farben has been described as "the most notorious German industrial concern during the Third Reich".

Aerial photograph of Auschwitz, June 1944, showing the IG Farben plant, Peter Hayes (2001): "[I]t was Zyklon B, a granular vaporizing pesticide, that asphyxiated the Jews of Auschwitz, and a subsidiary of IG, the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Schädlingsbekämpfung MbH (German Vermin-Combating Corporation), or Degesch, that controlled the manufacture and distribution of the Zyklon. The IG Farben cartel was created by loans from Wall Street in what has been called the Dawes plan.

IG Farben was founded in December 1925 as a merger of six companies: BASF (27.4 percent of equity capital); Bayer (27.4 percent); Hoechst, including Cassella and Chemische Fabrik Kalle (27.4 percent); Agfa (9 percent); Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron (6.9 percent); and Chemische Fabrik vorm. (M…

In 1926 IG Farben had a market capitalization of 1.4 billion Reichsmark (equivalent to 5 billion 2009 euros) and a workforce of 100,000, of which 2.6 percent were university educated, 18.2 percent were salaried professionals and 79.2 percent were workers.

As almost all its assets and all its activities had been transferred to the original constituent companies, IG Farben was from 1952 largely a shell company with no real activity. 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