The closer you stand, the less momentum the horse can work up to propel you into the twenty-second century, should he take fright.
If you suspect a piece of needle may be retained in the horse’s muscle, consult your veterinarian.
Because this muscle is used every time the horse takes a step, it is a good site for drugs that might cause swelling and pain at the injection site.
This site does put the handler at some risk because the handler must lean over in front of the horse to see the site clearly, putting him in a position where he could be easily bitten, struck with a front foot or run over by the horse. For example, if you have to give four injections in two days: Now you’ve chosen your destination, grab your comfy walking shoes and join us for Lonely Planet’s guide to equine injection sites. For horses that are extremely dangerous to inject, another option for the experienced horseman is tying or placing a horse in stock.
Jenni suggests being guided by the rhyme ‘right at night’. Observe the horse for signs of adverse drug reaction.
Removing any especially gross dirt with a brush is all that’s needed. This automatically swings its rear end away from you. It’s a course of injections. A fast stab is easier for you and less painful to the horse than inserting the needle slowly into the skin. It should be … Amongst other reasons, it hurts like hell. This article explains the techniques and locations to give a horse an intramuscular injection, Assessing the Health and Well-being of Horses. Individually packaged, disposable sterile needles and syringes are the easiest way to ensure sterile equipment. Another method is to hold the needle between the thumb and forefinger. Do not mix individually packaged drugs in the same injection. Using a sterile needle and syringe is more important in preventing injection site infections than thoroughly cleaning the site. By following the methods outlined, horse owners should be able to safely and efficiently give an IM injection to a horse. Subcutaneous injections (SQ)are given underneath the skin.
Insert the needle on the last rub. Determining what type of medication the horse needs and how to administer the medication is the critical part of the process and should be determined by your veterinarian. The side of the triangle is formed by the shoulder blade, or scapula. Landmark 4: the top of the tail.
So, even if it’s only a short course of injections, be kind and don’t stick another needle in the same spot right away – rotate! The disadvantage to this site is that it has very poor drainage if a needle abscess develops. If your horse has a slightly dusty or Winter coat, you can use it as a canvas and trace the area between the landmarks, so you get a nice, obvious target to aim for (but you also don't want to be injecting through large amounts of dirt, so try and find a balance). The site of the IM injection is important for the safety of the horse and the handler. Overall, injecting your horse should be a relatively simple procedure! The most common scenarios in which owners will be involved with giving injections is when their horse has been prescribed a course of medication, such as penicillin, or if owners are purchasing vaccines directly from produce stores. The cervical vertebrae are lower than your instinct would lead you to believe.
Untie the horse if you are not sure of its reaction. However, some horses may learn to associate the taps with the following needle stick and leave the area prior to the needle stick. Why? The size of the needle depends on the medication being injected. You could also consult your veterinarian about this method. Horse handlers should remember that horses may kick at the person inflicting pain rather than at the painful area. They simply brush any noticeable dirt from the injection area and insert the needle into dry skin. However, this amount of air injected into the horse is minor and will not harm it. Always consult your veterinarian about the type of medication, the dosage and the proper route (IM, intravenous, etc) prior to administering any drug to your horse. Because, just like when you get your flu shots, the horse will have some degree of discomfort at the site of an injection. This is problematic because there aren't enough blood vessels in a ligament to absorb medications effectively. Anyways I gave her the last shot. Inject where the two lines intersect. The rump has a bonus landmark, i.e.
The British Equine Vets Association has recently released a series of excellent educational videos for horse owners that demonstrate how to train and re-train your horse to allow for common treatments, including injections. The reaction can be dramatic, spectacular and scary, but normally self-resolves. Landmark 3: the tuber coxae (commonly known as the point of the hip). Intravenous injections (IV)are given into a vein. Think of all the injecting practice you’ll get! Although giving an IM injection to the horse is a routine procedure, it is not without risk to the horse. There is no noticeable increase in infection with this method when compared with a method that uses an antiseptic cleansing agent.
Have your veterinarian discuss signs of drug reaction in the horse and how to handle this situation. Many needle-shy horses object to the needle going through the skin, which is the painful part of the injection, and will be relatively quiet once the needle is through the skin.
What is important is to remember it’s always one needle per injection per horse, then discard it and the syringe. The proper location of this site is the intersection of a line between the tail head and point of hip and a line between the top of the croup and the point of the buttocks. IMAGE A: Learn your horse's body landmarks, so you can inject into a major muscle, and stay clear of bones and ligaments. For more information and to make an appointment, contact us. A summary of the IM injection procedure follows. Many horse handlers use the top of the rump (gluteal muscles) as an injection site.
Have the new needle separate from the syringe.
Top Of The Rump . Consult your veterinarian about the type of drug needed, route of administration, dosage, drug handling precautions and adverse drug reactions. Usual signs of allergic reactions such as swelling around the injection site, hives, increased respiratory rate, depression or agitation indicate that the horse may be allergic to the medication. Dr Jenni Bauquier has given many thousands of injections as a vet with the University of Melbourne’s U-Vet Equine Centre. If you need a guide, first locate the point of the shoulder and trace it upwards towards the front of the horse's wither. Insert the needle quickly and decisively. Once they are firmly connected, draw back hard on the syringe! There are two major destinations on your horse for you to choose from: the neck and the rump. This may differ from the instructions given by your veterinarian. After you give your horse a vaccination, you should keep an eye on the horse for a day or two afterwards to look for a bad reaction. Subcutaneous (SC): These injections involve placing the medication just under the skin into an area filled with the loose connective tissue that separates the skin and muscle. Needles should not be disposed of with general rubbish.
Always ask your vet if you are in doubt. Although a few horses are needle shy and object to injections, most horses quietly accept a properly given IM injection.
Signs of allergic reaction include swelling around the injection site, hives, increased respiratory rate, depression, or … However, if you have a needle-shy horse, you can pull the needle out of the muscle, but not out of the skin, change the injection angle, and push the needle back into the muscle. Remember to never give a nursing foal an injection in the neck. If your needle and syringe are not already connected, connect them now so you can draw up the medication.
Fortunately, giving an injection to a horse is an easily learned skill.
This again avoids ligaments, bone and blood vessels and gives a larger muscle mass for the injection. I had to give my horse her last 4-way shot..i had to give her two. It is not uncommon for horses to have an excitatory reaction to a component of the penicillin injection. This is the bony protuberance that you get if you drop about 30cm down, and a little forward, of the tuber sacrale. Intramuscular injections are the most common type used in horses and are the focus of this article.
If you’re giving a volume larger than this, your vet will advise you on how to give it in multiple locations.
While veterinarians predominantly give horses injections, some situations call for horse owners to give their horse an injection. The horse may kick at you with its left hind leg rather than kick at the site of the injection with its right hind leg. IV injections can also get bloody very quickly - definitely not for the squeamish. If you don’t feel comfortable, you’ll get stressed, the horse will get stressed, things are more likely to go wrong and a simple procedure can become a real saga. Next, make sure you use a sterile needle and syringe. Higher toward the crest, you risk hitting the nuchal ligaments, and lower toward the bottom of the neck is where the cervical vertebrae and blood vessels are located. It’s important to end positively as it makes the experience more pleasant for you and your horse.
An infection at this site tends to spread up the loin and back and cannot be treated easily. There is one video that specifically addresses ‘needle-shy’ horses. Landmark 1: the tuber sacrale (commonly known as the point of the croup). It’s important you only give injections if you feel comfortable and you know what you’re doing.