Marxism came from the German philosopher Karl Marx (1818-1883), whereas Functionalism was originally derived by Auguste Compte (1798-1857). Functionalism also mentions the importance of studying the effect of these various parts on society as a whole, just like it is important to know what effect the liver has on an organism. Marx viewed the base as the modes of production that exist within a society. Marxism, on the other hand, accepts conflict and the arising social problems. Copying is only available for logged-in users, If you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxism, The whole doc is available only for registered users. They are both sociological perspectives which have theories about society and the people that live within it. During the 18th and 19th centuries, political and industrial revolutions coupled with a philosophical movement which promoted a new scientific way of thinking (`The Enlightenment'), heralded the advent of several new scientific disciplines. Your Answer Is Very Helpful For UsThank You A Lot! 8-9). The main era’s Marx recognises are: the primitive communism, where there is equality and sharing of the means of production; the ancient epoch, where there is the difference between the citizen and the slave, giving rise to inequality; the feudal epoch; the amount of land owned is used to determine wealth; the capitalist epoch, where the inequality is seen in the amount of money or capital one possesses; and the communist epoch, where history stops as there is no more conflict because there is a perfect equality and there is no need to better society. He came up with the GAIL model, goal attainment, adaptation, integration and latency. Or if you need this sample for free, we can send it to you via email. How about getting a customized one? Only the users having paid subscription get the unlimited number of samples immediately. The similarities and differences of the two opposing though similar theories will be discuss throughout this essay. It was then developed further by Emile Durkheim (1858-1917). The superstructure is everything in society besides the economy. Functionalism, In other words, the functionalist attempted to determine how the parts of a society functioned to maintain stability within a society. Jump the queue with a membership plan, get unlimited samples and plagiarism results – immediately! Marxists view the role of the labourer as unproductive and unfulfiling thus leading to the alienation of the worker.