By this time, South India and the Deccan was essentially under the aegis of four Hindu monarchies, of which the Kakatiyas were one. Later, though, in 1318, he failed to provide the annual tribute to Delhi, claiming that the potential for being attacked on the journey made it impossible. This bi-directional flow of cultural influences brought into being a feeling of cultural affinity between those who spoke the Telugu language where nothing of that nature had previously existed. All these evidences indicate that the Kakatiyas were of Shudra origin. Prataparudra had to submit once more, with his obeisance on this occasion being arranged by the sultanate to include a very public display whereby he bowed towards Delhi from the ramparts of Orugallu. Taking advantage of a revolution in Delhi that saw the Khalji dynasty removed and Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq installed as sultan, Prataparudra again asserted his independence in 1320. Tughlaq control of the area lasted only for around a decade. The rulers are children of their predecessors, unless otherwise specified. Even the Kakatiya kings, with one exception, considered themselves to be Shudras (in the ritual varna system). In 1303, Alauddin Khilji, the emperor of the Delhi Sultanate invaded the Kakatiya territory which ended up as a disaster for the Turks. The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that ruled most of eastern Deccan region comprising present day Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, and parts of eastern Karnataka and southern Odisha between 12th and 14th centuries. There appears to be a significant element of Sanskritisation in this transition. Warangal’s fort, lying southeast of the present-day city, was once surrounded by two walls; traces of the outer wall remain, as do the four stone gateways (sanchars) of the inner wall. Charlu theorised that the Kakatiyas were a branch of the Telugu Cholas. This type of revisionism, which Talbot describes as "social memories" and which persist to the present day, reappeared in the 16th century with the Prataparudra Caritramu hagiography, which claimed him to be the founder of the Padmanayaka class of Telugu warriors and provided the elite of the Vijayanagara empire with what Talbot has described as a "charter of legitimacy". It was one of the great Telugu kingdoms that lasted for centuries. Ganapati was keen to bolster the dynasty's economy. Tughlaq sent his son, Ulugh Khan, to defeat the defiant Kakatiya king in 1321. Colonial British administrators found much that appealed to them in the latter works but the Kakatiya inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh, which depict a far wider range of society and events, suggest that the reality was far more fluid and very different from the idealised image. …the ancient capital of the Kakatiyas, an Andhra dynasty that flourished in the 12th century ce. Gunda III was succeeded by Erra, who ruled Kurravadi near Warangal and other regions. The dynasty's name derives from the word "Kakati", which is variously thought to be the name of a goddess or a place. Kakatiya art preserved the balance between architecture and sculpture, that is, while valuing sculpture, it laid emphasis on architecture where due. The Royal families, Feudal families, the rich sections and the merchants participated voluntarily in providing agricultural facilities in every village. The area of land under Kakatiya control reached its zenith around the 13th century CE during the rule of Ganapati Deva. The family name was often prefixed to the name of the monarch, giving constructs such as Kakatiya-Prataparudra. Mahadeva succeeded Prataparudra I as king, reigning probably from 1195 to 1199. However, after they became sovereigns they were addressed as "deva" (Lord or deity) and "devi" (Lady or deity). A brother of Prataparudra II, Annamaraja, has been associated with ruling what eventually became the princely state of Bastar during the British Raj period. The nexus of politics and military was a significant feature of the era, and the Kakatiya recruitment of peasants into the military did much to create a new warrior class, to develop social mobility and to extend the influence of the dynasty into areas of its kingdom that previously would have been untouched. Caste itself seems to have been of low importance as a social identifier. The modern identity of Kakati is uncertain: different historians have variously attempted to identify it with modern Kakati village in Karnataka and Kanker in Chhattisgarh. The inscription states that Erra's successor Gunda IV alias Pindi-Gunda (c. 955-995) beheaded all his enemies. He notes that some chiefs of Rashtrakuta origin adopted the title "Viṭṭi-narayana", which means "as great as Narayana (Krishna) of the Vitti (Vrishni) family. Other articles where Kakatiya is discussed: Warangal: …the ancient capital of the Kakatiyas, an Andhra dynasty that flourished in the 12th century ce. Most notable examples are the Thousand Pillar Temple in Hanamkonda, Ramappa Temple in Palampet, Warangal Fort, and Kota Gullu in Ghanpur. A story in the Siddhesvara-charita states that Madhavavarman, an ancestor of the Kakatiyas, obtained military strength by the grace of goddess Padmakshi. Studies of the inscriptions and coinage by the historian Dineshchandra Sircar reveal that there was no contemporary standard spelling of the family name. The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty whose capital was Orugallu, now known as Warangal.It was eventually conquered by the Delhi Sultanate..