garden lettering, It is fully illustrated and deals only with gravestones and tombs. Trees are an enduring symbol of eternal life and protection, with their roots firmly in the ground and their canopy offering protection. Above are two examples of headstones with oak leaves; the first is carved in relief and the second is a line carving.

The hourglass is a symbol of death, the end of time on Earth. The earliest settlers had their feet pointing toward the east and the head of the coffin toward the west, ready to rise up and face the "new day" (the sun) when "the trumpet shall sound and the dead shall be raised"  or when Christ would appear and they would be reborn.

Some speculate that the skull symbolizes the physical death while the wings symbolize spiritual regeneration. The dove is a Christian symbol of love and peace. They have photographs of funeral coaches of every size and may have a pallbearer's coach. There is also a national mourning collectors group.

review, Two stone carving families, the Stancliff’s and the Johnson’s would continue to work this stone with increasing levels of craftsmanship throughout the 1700s.

Early Christians used it as a disguised symbol of the cross. depending on the religious influences, the materials available, and the gravestone carver’s own background, the once simple stoic stone inscriptions flourished into elaborate, ornately shaped and carved headstones.

Hope and her anchor, later simplified to just an anchor was a popular symbol of hope. The first of these symbols is the freemason symbol (seen below).

Familiarize yourself with varying scholarly opinions. monolith, Unfortunately, there are very few existing original records remaining from the very early colonial era, so a great deal must be determined, based on what remains, the gravestones themselves.

Gravestone Evolution in America From the First Settlers to the Early Victorian Era.

The particular style of the death’s head motif on older graves acted as a calling card for the carver. The symbol may be inspired by nature or more frequently by the person the stone commemorates. In most parts of America, throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, gravestone carving was not a full-time occupation, as the work was too sporadic for a carver to fully earn a living. The idea of crossing over a body of water to the promised land or crossing the River of Styx to the afterlife, the final journey to the "other side" is also part of the symbolism of the shell.

See examples of these headstone symbols and carvings in situ.

Known as the New Haven Crypt, it is open to the public during visiting hours. The Odd Fellows, first organized in the US in 1819, is a popular fraternal/benefit organization. Due to the size and the population of Boston, and the quality of the stone, Boston slate colonial tablet stones were carved in large numbers and shipped to distant locations along the entire eastern seaboard.