Once you have cited a given authority in full once, you may use a short-form citation subsequently. Track down the cross references within the applicable rule sections. Lexis provides an interactive citation workshop which can be accessed by selecting the left topmost drop down menu and picking "Interactive Citation Workstation.". Provides tips on using the Bluebook, from the Bluebook's official webpage www.legalbluebook.com.
Example: Daniel C.K. That qualifier "mostly" is there because the rules in the Bluepages often refer to the Whitepages for the full rule. It is especially helpful when used with Lexis' Interactive Citation Workstation. A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter. Example: Rule 15.1(d) on authors requires you to use abbreviations for institutional authors’ names and sends you to Tables T6 and T10 to find the abbreviations. The Whitepages, which follow the Bluepages, are mostly intended for use in law journals. Acceptable short forms for a given citation will be covered in each entry.
Indeed, first-year legal writing professors may wish to rely on the Bluepages as a teaching aid. Therefore, when citing material of a type not explicitly discussed in this book, try to locate an analogous type of authority that is discussed and use that citation form as a model. The University of Pennsylvania Law Review,
RC/MN 2007-26 (Minn. Dep’t of Transp. These are for practitioner legal writing: court documents and legal memoranda . A LibGuide to the Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. The Columbia Law Review, If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
This is a guide to the Bluebook system of American legal citation. (Two authors are separated by an ampersand; if the book has more than 3 authors, the first author is listed with “et al.”) These are for academic legal writing: journals and law reviews. The specific content of a short form citation is flexible, but varies by the type of authority being cited. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This part is subdivided into two main sections: the first section, consisting of rules 1 through 9, establishes general standards of citation and style for use in all forms of legal writing.
You need to be aware of this fact as you use the rules and craft your citations. makes extensive use of references to other rules and to tables to format a full citation. 2007). Within those footnotes, citations are made in citation sentences and clauses.
Chow & Edward lee, International Intellectual Property: Problems, Cases, and Materials (2006). The Supreme Court once declared separate but equal constitutional,² but declared it unconstitutional nearly a century later.³. These rules apply to everything in the Whitepages. The Bluebook uses four different typefaces: The rules for when you use each one in citations is summarized below: (from R2.1), Large and Small Caps used for authors and titles of books, titles of periodicals, Everything else should be in ordinary roman. Short citations. firstname.lastname@example.org, For Tech Support Congratulations! email@example.com, It's still available at https://legacy.legalbluebook.com.
This book, available in the Law Library's Practical Skills collection, will help you learn Bluebook citation. Unlike the remainder of The Bluebook, which is designed in a style and at a level of complexity commensurate with the needs of the law journal publication process, the Bluepages provide easy-to-comprehend guidance for the everyday citation needs of law students, summer associates, law clerks, practicing lawyers, and other legal professionals.
Unlike the purpose, the Bluebook structure is divided into four main parts: “blue pages” that provide citation format and typeface for legal memoranda and court documents (for non-law, review-related, and non-academic purposes); “white pages” that provide citation format and typeface for law review footnotes (academic purposes); Diplomatic Bluebook is an annual report on Japan's Foreign Policy and Activities published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. The second part, printed on white paper, is the heart of the Bluebook system of citation: the rules of citation and style.
Example: Rule 15.10 on short citation forms for books and reports refers you to Rule 4 for short citation forms in general. and The Yale Law Journal. Updated for the 20th edition.
The Bluebook is currently in its 21st edition, released in June 2020. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Example: Rule 15.3 on titles sends you to Rule 8 for instructions on capitalization. Short forms may also use id. You want to know how to format jump cites. The central function of a legal citation is to allow the reader to efficiently locate the cited source. Because of the ever-increasing range of authorities cited in legal writing, no system of citation can be complete. Interactive Citation Workbook for The Bluebook : A Uniform System of Citiation, https://libguides.law.illinois.edu/law-bluebook, Recent College of Law faculty publications. You’ve found your rule. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. The first part contains the Bluepages, a how-to guide for basic legal citation. The second part, printed on white paper, is the heart of the Bluebook system of citation: the rules of citation and style. Title Period Covered; DIPLOMATIC BLUEBOOK 2020 English: PDF; Summary in French: HTML; PDF; Summary in Spanish: HTML; PDF ; 2019 calendar year: DIPLOMATIC BLUEBOOK 2019 English: HTML; PDF; Summary in French: HTML; PDF ; Summary in Spanish: HTML; … This subscription is available by login and password and limited to College of Law students and Faculty. The Bluepages provide the best place to begin your study of The Bluebook system of legal citation. See R2.2. The information here can help anyone who is writing a scholarly legal paper in the United States, including JD students, LLM students, and SJD students. to indicate that this citation is from the same authority as the previous. The University of Pennsylvania Law Review. Welcome to The Bluebook, the definitive style guide for legal citation in the United States. Thus, the citation forms in The Bluebook are designed to provide the information necessary to lead the reader directly to the specific items cited. Rule 15.1(d) on authors requires you to use abbreviations for institutional authors’ names and sends you to, Rule 15.10 on short citation forms for books and reports refers you to, https://libguides.stthomas.edu/Bluebook_Guide. For generations, law students, lawyers, scholars, judges, and other legal professionals have relied on The Bluebook’s uniform system of citation. For this reason, the Bluepages contain references to related rules and tables found in other parts of The Bluebook. ³Brown v. Bd. The examples used throughout this part are printed using typeface conventions standard in law journal footnotes. of Educ., 347 U.S. 483 (1954).
The second section, consisting of rules 10 through 21, presents rules for citation of specific kinds of authority such as cases, statutes, books, periodicals, and foreign and international materials. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Barry M. Ryan & Thomas F. Stinson, Univ. If you refer to a piece of material more than once in your writing, you may be able to use an abbreviated citation for it, following this rule. Once you’ve “fine-tuned” your rule in this way, you’re ready for Step 4. Always be sure to provide sufficient information to allow the reader to find the cited material quickly and easily. Blue Pages. Importantly, however, it documents the many respects in which contemporary legal writing, very often following guidelines set out in court rules or style guides, diverges from the citation formats specified by those academic texts. The Bluebook can often be intimidating for new users. ... Reports and Other Nonperiodic Materials which “governs the citation of books, treatises, reports, white papers, dictionaries, encyclopedias, and all other nonperiodic materials. Now, with material like your road funding report, reasonable people can disagree about which rules might apply and how a citation should look and that’s OK. Lawyers and judges can spot a miscited case, statute or regulation in an eyeblink, but with a report like this, if you’ve given readers enough information to find it, you’ve done your job.