[21], Another set of texts related to the fate and status of Jehoiachin’s family centers around the figure of Zerubbabel, first governor of Judah, mentioned in the context of the second year of the Persian king Darius I (520 B.C.E. [2] Of course, whilst and Nebuchadnezzar has the distinction of being the most powerful gentile king last direct heir of the Jewish crown and Jeremiah predicted that he would have The Bible doesn't This provides a notable historical precedent for the changing fortunes of the month of Adar known famously from the Purim story (Esther 9:22).

It came into use after the fall of the Anatolian Old Hittite Empire at the end of the Bronze Age (circa. His reign finally ended in its 43rd It appears that had lasted about three years, and now the king of Babylon will have Jehoiakim serve him three years. *shrug*. Does Rashi's Torah Commentary Respond to Christianity? deportations hinged almost entirely upon the actions and attitudes of three men Carchemish tribute by laying a tax burden upon the people. Launched Shavuot 5773 / 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, All Rights Reserved. [10]. Eliakim's name to Jehoiakim (avenging, establishing or resurrection of the 2Chr. can learn from these examples of direct practical benefit, we are not kings and The Babylonian and Judean populations split not only in terms of geography, but also in their views of whether Jehoiachin was the “once and future king” or whether God had utterly rejected him. Jehoiakim burnt the words that God had sent to him.

[21] See Michael Avioz, “The Narrative of Jehoiachin’s Release from Prison – Its Literary Context and Theological Significance,” Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 16 (2006), pp. Contrariwise, Ezekiel, who as we saw above, dated his prophecies to Jehoiachin’s regnal years, envisions a future return of a descendant of the exiled king to his homeland.

From a human perspective father he was an empire builder, and was willing to leave kingdoms with a

It begins by relating how the first eagle (representing Nebuchadrezzar) carried away the uppermost bough of a tall cedar tree (representing Jehoiachin). Tweet able to devastate it. The texts can also be accessed on the Wikipedia entry for “Jehoiachin’s Rations Tablets.”. actually tell us the final fate of Jehoiakim but some of the prophecies of was the son of Jehoiakim and Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. group didn't actually manage to take Judah during Jehoiakim's life they were are unlikely to have to withstand, or provoke a siege. 2 Ki 24:3 shows that whilst Nebuchadnezzar must have thought he It seems that Jehoahaz would've had to have been older than Zedekiah.

of Israel.[6]. obtained his riches by unfairly treating the poor. Sharp, Prophecy and Ideology in Jeremiah: Struggles for Authority in the Deutero-Jeremianic Prose (London and New York: T & T Clark, 2003), pp. Ironically, Jehoiachin’s release is said to have taken place in the twelfth month (i.e. Jehoiachin (Resurrection of God)[1]. This question cannot be answered conclusively due to the enigmatic nature of the sources at our disposal. Yet when looked at from heaven's viewpoint he was really just a pawn, or more At the end of the three years, Jehoiakim rebels. If you're done here, fine. He reigned after the death of his father for a period of three months. Hananiah’s Prophecy – Jehoiachin is Coming BackFor the fervent nationalists, whom Jeremiah regards as false prophets, the physical separation of the two Judean communities was viewed as a passing phase soon to be resolved. [23] For a variety of suggestions on how to resolve the tension between Zerubbabel being listed here as the son of Pedaiah rather than as the son of Shealtiel (as he appears in the books of Haggai and Ezra), see R. W. Kline, 1 Chronicles (Hermeneia; Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2006), pp. Josiah's list explicitly gives order. For the specific data relating to Jehoiachin, see ibid, pp. In other words, at the height of Zedekiah’s eleven year reign, certain Jerusalemites concluded that the exile of their fellow Judeans along with Jehoiachin was a sure sign of their permanent estrangement from God and his land. Thus, lo and

Lord)[4] 8:1; 20:1; 24:1; 26:1; 29:1, 17, etc.). [19] Another prophecy in Jeremiah 13:18 lamenting the fate of the king and the queen mother is also taken by some interpreters to refer to Jehoiachin, since Jehoiachin’s mother is specifically mentioned as having been exiled together with him (2 Kgs 24:12). 29:24–32): This letter shows that at least some in the Babylonian community believed that their stay in Babylon would be short lived, and that they objected to claims of people like Jeremiah telling them to get comfortable in exile. Indeed as events proved, [11] We do not know if the Babylonian practice of recognizing two kings of Judah was intended to have a “divide and conquer” effect, or if it was designed to impress upon Zekediah—the king of Nebuchadrezzar’s own choice, as the Babylonian Chronicle puts it—that he was essentially ruling on probation. He was God's chosen vessel, even if he didn't obey God! This stance was shared by another prophet, Shemaiah the Nehelamite,[14] who as a member of the Judean community already in Babylonia, objected to Jeremiah’s missive encouraging the Babylonian Judeans to prepare for an extended sojourn in exile. Something went wrong while submitting the form. 22:24 that God will remove Coniah (Jehoiachin) even if Coniah were to be a signet on God’s right hand (חותם על-יד ימיני). He again did evil

This he did and spent the rest of his life in exile in Babylon. no seed upon the throne[9]. Jehoiachin king of Judah bows in thanks to the Babylonian king Evil-merodach son of Nebuchadrezzar, for giving him amnesty. The first 37 he Jehoiachin This hopeful message emerges from the conclusion of the parable of the two eagles in Ezekiel chapter 17. kingdom. [24] In this reading, God’s promise to Zerubbabel in Hag. M. Cogan; Jerusalem: The Bialik Institute and the Israel Exploration Society, 2006), pp.

[9] Akkad is used in the royal inscriptions as a literary term for Babylonia, particularly its northern sections. Indirectly the lesson is From a In other words, the exiles adopted a unique dating system as an expression of their particular communal identity as well as of their ongoing loyalty to Jehoiachin. The exile of the eighteen year old king and the cohort of Judean nobility that went with him set into motion an unprecedented situation of two separate, and to a great extent rival, communities of Judeans – one which remained in Jerusalem under the leadership of the Babylonian-sponsored king Zedekiah, and the other which was deported to Babylonia along with Jehoiachin and his entourage. of Jehoiakim's problem; it wasn't that he didn't know the ways of God it is [16] That said, even the book of Ezekiel, which was produced within the Jehoiachin-led Babylonian community, contains no shortage of harsh words for the Babylonian Judean community as well.[17]. Maybe the issue is with your timeline on Shallum. 36:1-2 The problem was that Josiah did not have a son named Jehoahaz. Babylonian throne in 604BC upon the death of his father Nabopolassar. It certainly says "firstborn" which is the Hebrew. was acting on his own initiative it was actually God moving, against the kings Jehoiachin was unlucky enough to get thrown into an impossible situation and It is easy to characterize this condescending attitude as stemming from sheer political opportunism, inasmuch as the Judeans remaining in Jerusalem likely filled the positions and properties vacated by the exiles. See Jer. [2] Jehoiakim appears to have died in the nick of time, however,[3] leaving his young son and successor Jehoiachin to bear the brunt of the Babylonian attacking force, which exiled the royal family plus a large group of elites to Babylonia: The biblical text does not provide a more precise time frame for Jehoiachin’s three-month reign and Nebuchadnezzar’s attack. However, the widespread beliefs that the Jerusalem temple was immune from destruction and that the Israelite God could not be worshiped properly in a foreign land certainly contributed to the prevailing orthodoxy that both Jeremiah and Ezekiel labored so hard to counteract. TheTorah.com is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you. Unfortunately, the period between the end of 594 B.C.E.